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Warren & Wetmore architectural drawings and photographs, 1889-1938

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Preferred Citation

Warren and Wetmore architectural drawings and photographs. Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

At a Glance

Avery ID:D&A Warren & Wetmore View CLIO record
Creator(s):Warren & Wetmore.
Title:Warren & Wetmore architectural drawings and photographs, 1889-1938
Physical description:.75 linear foot of papers, 3394 photographs, 332 drawings (30 portfolio boxes, 28 phase boxes, 10 clamshell boxes, 2 manuscript boxes, 1 flatfile drawer)
Language(s): In English.
Access: This collection is available for use by qualified readers by appointment in the Archives and Drawings' Reading Room, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University. Collections maintained in off-site storage will be retrieved with advance notification only; for further details, please consult the Drawings & Archives staff. For further information and to make an appointment, please call (212) 854-4110.  More information »
Types of Materials in the Collection:Correspondence, typescript papers, carbon typescript papers, holograph papers, printed papers, photographic prints, film negatives, architectural reprographic prints, and mixed media drawings .

Arrangement

Arrangement

This material is arranged in five series: Project Records; Reference Files; Office Records; Professional Papers; and Personal Papers.

The arrangement of materials within each series is described at the beginning of each series inventory.

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Description

Scope and Content

This collection contains architectural photographs, drawings and records related to the architectural projects and designs of Warren and Wetmore, principally in the United States, but also representing commissions in Canada, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. Unfortunately, the bulk of architectural drawings produced by the firm are no longer extant. Additionally, it holds a variety of photographs and other records used as reference materials in the course of Warren and Wetmore's professional work. Lastly, a small group of student and personal papers and photographs from Whitney Warren completes the collection.

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Using the Collection

Access Restrictions

 This collection is available for use by qualified readers by appointment in the Archives and Drawings' Reading Room, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University. Collections maintained in off-site storage will be retrieved with advance notification only; for further details, please consult the Drawings & Archives staff. For further information and to make an appointment, please call (212) 854-4110.

Restrictions on Use

Columbia University is providing access to the materials in the Library's collections solely for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of Columbia University is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Director, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. For additional guidance, see Columbia University Libraries' publication policy.

In addition to permission from Columbia University, permission of the copyright owner (if not Columbia University) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distributions, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. Columbia University makes no warranties as to the accuracy of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.

Preferred Citation

Warren and Wetmore architectural drawings and photographs. Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.

For Further Information

For more information about using the collections and conducting research in the Department of Drawings & Archives, please see our FAQ.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Finding aid written by Annemarie van Roessel, Mellon Project Archivist, Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Annemarie van Roessel, Mellon Project Archivist, Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library,in 2006.

EAD instance generated by Annemarie van Roessel from MS Access database and MARC AMC record April 4, 2006. Finding aid written in English.
    2006-04-06 File created.
    2009-07-23 File revised.

CLIO ID: 3460596 View CLIO record

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Index Terms

The names and terms listed below are represented in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a consortial/union catalog offered by OCLC that allows users to search the holdings of multiple archives and libraries.

All links open new windows.

Subjects (People)

HeadingCUL Archives:
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Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
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Warren, Whitney, 1864-1943.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Wetmore, Charles, 1887-1941.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects (Firms)

HeadingCUL Archives:
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Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
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Warren & Wetmore.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects (Buildings)

HeadingCUL Archives:
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CUL Collections:
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Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
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908 Fifth Avenue (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Aeolian Hall (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ambassador Hotel (Atlantic City, N.J.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Biltmore Hotel (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Broadmoor (Hotel : Colorado Springs, Colo.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Commodore Hotel (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Catedral de La Habana.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Chanin Building (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Chrysler Building (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Columbia County Courthouse (Hudson, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Detroit Terminal Station (Detroit, Mich.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Eagle Buildings (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
El Condado Trio (San Juan, P.R.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Erlanger Theater (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Elizabeth Arden Building (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Gran Hotel Condado Vanderbilt (San Juan, P.R.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Grand Central Terminal (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Grand Central Palace (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Moscow Railroad Terminal (Moscow, Soviet Union)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
New Aeolian Hall (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
New Theater (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
New York Times Building (New York, N.Y. : 43rd Street)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
New York Yacht Club (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ritz-Carlton Hotel (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
St. James Theater (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
St. Paul's Cathedral (St. Paul, Minn.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Seamen's Church Institute (New York, N.Y. : 1907-1960)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Shanghai Hotel (Shanghai, China)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Sing Sing Correctional Facility.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Steinway Hall (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Université catholique de Louvain (1835-1969).--Bibliothèque.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Woodlawn Cemetery (New York, N.Y.).--Hornblower Mausoleum.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Places

HeadingCUL Archives:
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Chelsea Piers (New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Tuxedo Park (N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Topics

HeadingCUL Archives:
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Apartment houses--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architects--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architecture--Colorado--Colorado Springs.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architecture--Manitoba--Winnipeg.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architecture--Michigan--Detroit.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architecture--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architecture--Québec (Province)--Montréal.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architecture--Russia (Federation)--Moscow.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architecture, Domestic--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architecture, Domestic--New York (State)--Tuxedo Park.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architecture, Domestic--Puerto Rico.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architectural photography.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Buildings--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Church architecture--Minnesota--Saint Paul.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Commercial buildings--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hotels--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hotels--Colorado--Colorado Springs.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hotels--New Jersey--Atlantic City.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hotels--Puerto Rico--San Juan.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hotels (public accommodations)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Public buildings--New York (State)--Hudson.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Prisons--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Railroad stations--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Seaside resorts--Puerto Rico--San Juan.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Stables--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Theaters--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Transportation buildings--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Transportation buildings--Russia (Federation)--Moscow.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Material Types

HeadingCUL Archives:
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Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Architectural drawings.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Architectural reprographic prints.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Correspondence.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Carbon typescript papers.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Film negatives.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Holograph papers.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Printed papers.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Photographic prints.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Mixed media drawings.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Photoprints.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Typescript papers.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Additional Creators (People)

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
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Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Fischer, Sigurd, 1887-1981.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Foote, L. B. (Lewis Benjamen), 1873-1957.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Fowler, Ambrose.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Nechodoma, Antonín, 1877-1928.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ording, C.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Underhill, Irving, d. 1960.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Warren, Whitney, 1864-1943.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Wetmore, Charles D., 1867-1941.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Van Alen, William, 1883-1954.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Additional Creators (Corporate Names)

HeadingCUL Archives:
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Bromsgrove Guild of Applied Arts.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts (France)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Francis H. Bacon Company.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
George A. Fuller Company.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
McKim, Mead & White.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
New York Central Railroad Company.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Reed & Stem.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Ritz-Carlton Hotels (Firm)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Sloan & Robertson.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Thompson-Starrett Co.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Trost Studio.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Wurts Brothers (Photographers : New York, N.Y.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Architects Whitney Warren (1864-1943) and Charles D. Wetmore (1866-1941) are perhaps best known today for their monumental Beaux-Arts Grand Central Terminal in New York City (1904-1912). Their practice, however, included a diverse catalog of building types and architectural styles across the United States and internationally. Partners for more than three decades, their success was built on the far-reaching commercial and social networks that grew from the rapid growth of American cities during the Gilded Age, with long-standing commissions from many of America’s most prominent businessmen and families.

Educated in architecture at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris between 1887 and 1894, Whitney Warren maintained a life-long devotion to European classicism—especially in its French variants—and principles of Beaux-Arts planning. Shortly after returning from Paris, Warren’s competition entry to design the Newport (Rhode Island) Country Club received first place, and his long career as an architect to New York’s society began in earnest. With the subsequent commission for the New York Yacht Club's new headquarters in 1898, Warren invited Harvard-educated Charles Wetmore—lawyer, businessman, and real estate developer—to establish a joint partnership to complete the club and to undertake other architectural projects. From 1898 until retiring in 1931, Warren and Wetmore received multiple commissions from members of their prominent familal and social circles, as well as from leading hoteliers, transportation magnates, and developers, often sharing in the investment as stockholders.

In addition to Grand Central Terminal (in partnership with architects Reed & Stem) and the New York Yacht Club, among the firm’s most significant commissions were expansions to the William K. Vanderbilt Estate, "Idle Hour," on Long Island; the Ritz, Vanderbilt, Ambassador and Biltmore hotels in Manhattan and across the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean; opulent Manhattan townhouses for relatives of the Vanderbilts and Astors; elite apartment buildings on Park Avenue and Fifth Avenue; country clubs and tennis and squash courts in Tuxedo Park, Long Island, South Carolina, and Massachusetts; and expansive estates in suburban New Jersey, the Hudson River Valley, and on Long Island. Other major commercial and institutional commissions included the Seamen’s Church Institute, Steinway Hall, the Heckscher building, the New Aeolian Hall, and the Chelsea Piers complex, all in Manhattan. In the 1910s and 1920s, Warren & Wetmore were also deeply involved in designing railroad stations and terminals along the New York Central Line and for various Canadian railroad lines, an outgrowth of their association with Reed & Stem. After World War I, Whitney Warren also received considerable acclaim for his carefully conceived reconstruction of the war-damaged library for the University of Louvain in Belgium.

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