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Joint Advisory Committee on Planning and Development of the United Nations Headquarters Records, 1934-1948 (bulk 1946-1947)

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Preferred Citation

Joint Advisory Committee on Planning and Development of the United Nations Headquarters Records. Located in the Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

At a Glance

Avery ID:D&A Joint Advisory UN View CLIO record
Creator(s):Joint Advisory Committee on Planning and Development of the United Nations Headquarters.
Title:Joint Advisory Committee on Planning and Development of the United Nations Headquarters Records, 1934-1948 (bulk 1946-1947)
Physical description:1.1 linear feet of papers : (3 manuscript boxes)
Language(s): Materials are in English.
Access: This collection is available for use by appointment in the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. For further information and to make an appointment, please call (212) 854-4110 or email avery-drawings@libraries.columbia.edu.  More information »
Types of Materials in the Collection:Correspondence, typescript papers, carbon typescript papers, holograph papers, printed papers, bound volumes, telegrams, and architectural reprographic prints .

Arrangement

Arrangement

This material is arranged in six series: Founding Documents; Minutes; Report of the Headquarters Commission; Correspondence; General Papers; and Reference Files. Within each series, materials are arranged in chronological order.

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Description

Scope and Content

This collection contains documents, statements, minutes, correspondence, notes, and reference materials related to the activities of the Joint Advisory Committee on Planning and Development of the United Nations Headquarters. Although materials relating to Wallace Harrison appear in this collection, there is otherwise no direct connection between this group of papers and the team of international architects who designed the Headquarters.

In addition, Series I contains founding papers regarding committee formation and mandate and examples of historic competitions. Series II contains minutes of ten meetings that occurred between March 2, 1946 and October 29, 1946. Series III contains documents related to the “Statement on the Report of the Headquarters Commission,” released by the Joint Advisory Committee on October 24, 1946. The largest portion of the collection, Series IV, contains correspondence between participating members dating from the assembling of the Joint Advisory Committee in January 1946 to its disbanding in January 1948. Series V contains general papers, including vouchers, personnel, memos, notes, correspondence, etc. Lastly, Series VI contains reference files, primarily clippings from the New York Times and the New York Herald Tribune dating from February 1946 to September 1947.

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Using the Collection

Access Restrictions

This collection is available for use by appointment in the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. For further information and to make an appointment, please call (212) 854-4110 or email avery-drawings@libraries.columbia.edu.

Restrictions on Use

Columbia University is providing access to the materials in the Library's collections solely for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of Columbia University is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Director, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. In addition to permission from Columbia University, permission of the copyright owner (if not Columbia University) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distributions, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. Columbia University makes no warranties as to the accuracy of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.

Preferred Citation

Joint Advisory Committee on Planning and Development of the United Nations Headquarters Records. Located in the Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.

Related Material

Avery Library's Dept. of Drawings & Archives holds many architectural drawings and records relating to the United Nations Headquarters. Principle collections include the Wallace K. Harrison Architectural Records and Drawings; the Max Abramovitz Architectural Records and Drawings; the Hugh Ferriss Architectural Drawings and Papers ; and the Joseph Molitor Photographs. The department also holds the personal and professional papers of two committee members, Eric Gugler and Electus Litchfield.

Bibliography

Stern, Robert A. M. Chapter 7: United Nations. New York 1960: Architecture and Urbanism between the Second World War and the Bicentennial. New York: : Monacelli Press, 1995 pp. 600-639

Dudley, George A. A Workshop for Peace: Designing the United Nations Headquarters. New York: : Architectural History Foundation, 1994 pp. 600-639

For Further Information

For more information about using the collections and conducting research in the Department of Drawings & Archives, please see our FAQ.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Finding aid written by Min-Ying Wang, Mellon Graduate Intern, for the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Min-Ying Wang, Mellon Graduate Intern, under supervision of Annemarie van Roessel, Archivist, for the Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.

EAD instance generated by by John Zarillo, Graduate Student Intern, Dept. of Drawings & Archvies, from MS Word document, April 30, 2008. Finding aid written in English.
    2008-04-30 File created.
    2009-07-16 File revised.

CLIO ID: 6611376 View CLIO record

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Index Terms

The names and terms listed below are represented in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a consortial/union catalog offered by OCLC that allows users to search the holdings of multiple archives and libraries.

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Subjects (Corporate Names)

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
United Nations--Buildings.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Topics

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Architecture--New York (State)--New York--20th century.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
City planning.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Government complexes.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Group work in architecture--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Material Types

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Architectural reprographic prints.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Carbon Typescript papersPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Correspondence.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Holograph papersPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Printed papers.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Typescript papersPortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Additional Creators (Personal Names)

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Adams, Frederick J., 1901-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Allison, David C.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Bennett, Richard Marsh, 1907-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Brinckerhoff, A. F. (Arthur Freeman).PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Goldstein, Moise H., 1882-1972.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Griswold, Ralph E.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Gugler, Eric, 1889-1974.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Harrison, Wallace K. (Wallace Kirkman), 1895-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hoyt, Burnham, 1887-1960.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
La Beaume, Louis, 1873-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Lewis, Harold MacLean, 1889-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Litchfield, Electus D. (Electus Darwin), 1872-1952.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Locraft, Thomas Hall, 1903-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Maginnis, Charles Donagh, 1867-1955.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Morin, Roi L.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Morrow, C. Earl (Cornelius Earl), b. 1897.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Norton, C. McKim.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Opperman, Paul.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Pancoast, Russell T. (Russell Thorn), 1899-1972.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Pfau, J. W.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Pirnie, Malcolm.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Saarinen, Eliel, 1873-1950.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Shaw, Alfred P.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Shay, Howell Lewis.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Walker, Ralph, 1889-1973.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Wurster, William Wilson.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Historical Note

In early 1946, the Preparatory Commission of United Nations determined that the international headquarters of the new organization, established a year before, should be located in the United States. Initiated by the American Institute of Architects and joined by the American Institute of Planners, the American Society of Landscape Architects, and the American Society of Civil Engineers, representatives from the four technical societies established a joint advisory committee to offer professional advice to the United Nations Headquarters Commission. New York-based architect Eric Gugler was appointed chairman of the Joint Advisory Committee and the first meeting was held at the Harvard Club in New York City on March 2, 1946.

From March 1946 through early 1947, the Joint Advisory Committee participated actively in various phases of the Union Nations Headquarters project, from selection of the site, to preparation of a planning requirement, to call for an international competition, to early stage of design. On December 12, 1946, the United Nations Headquarters Commission voted to accept a tract of Manhattan real estate overlooking the East River, donated by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., for the final headquarters site. On January 6, 1947, New York architect Wallace K. Harrison was appointed Director of Planning for the United Nations' Permanent Headquarters, assisted by an international team of architects and engineers. However, without any formal authority, the influence of the Joint Advisory Committee was minor and, having fulfilled its mission, the committee was officially discharged in January 1948. On September 14, 1948, a groundbreaking ceremony took place for the new headquarters complex.

During its existence, the Joint Advisory Committee was known by several names. The various titles and personnel are listed as below.

    Special Committee of Architects on United Nations Center, A.I.A. [earliest title]

  • Allison, David C.
  • Bennett, Richard Marsh, 1907-
  • Goldstein, Moise H., 1882-1972
  • Gugler, Eric, 1889-1974
  • Harrison, Wallace K. (Wallace Kirkman), 1895-
  • Hoyt, Burnham, 1887-1960
  • La Beaume, Louis, 1873-
  • Locraft, Thomas Hall, 1903-
  • Maginnis, Charles Donagh, 1867-1955
  • Pancoast, Russell T. (Russell Thorn), 1899-1972
  • Morin, Roi L.
  • Saarinen, Eliel, 1873-1950
  • Shaw, Alfred P.
  • Walker, Ralph, 1889-1973
  • Wurster, William Wilson

    Committee (of Architects) on United Nations Center [title used from mid-1946 through 1947]

  • Allison, David C.
  • Bennett, Richard Marsh, 1907-
  • Goldstein, Moise H., 1882-1972
  • Gugler, Eric, 1889-1974
  • Harrison, Wallace K. (Wallace Kirkman), 1895-
  • Hoyt, Burnham, 1887-1960
  • La Beaume, Louis, 1873-
  • Litchfield, Electus D. (Electus Darwin), 1872-1952
  • Locraft, Thomas Hall, 1903-
  • Maginnis, Charles Donagh, 1867-1955
  • Pancoast, Russell T. (Russell Thorn), 1899-1972
  • Morin, Roi L.
  • Saarinen, Eliel, 1873-1950
  • Shaw, Alfred P.
  • Shay, Howell Lewis
  • Walker, Ralph, 1889-1973
  • Wurster, William Wilson

    Joint Advisory Committee on Planning and Development of the United Nations Headquarters [last and official title, used from 1946 through 1948]

  • Adams, Frederick J., 1901-
  • Brinckerhoff, A. F.
  • Griswold, Ralph E.
  • Gugler, Eric, 1889-1974
  • Harrison, Wallace K. (Wallace Kirkman), 1895-
  • Lewis, Harold MacLean, 1889-
  • Morrow, C. Earl
  • Norton, C. McKim
  • Opperman, Paul
  • Pfau, J. W.
  • Pirnie, Malcolm
  • Walker, Ralph, 1889-1973

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