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   Carnegie Endowment for International Peace European Center Records, 1911-1940.

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Preferred Citation

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace - Centre Europeen Records. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Columbia University Libraries. [Box Number]

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Summary Information

Abstract

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace established Le Centre Européen de la Dotation Carnegie pour la Paix Internationale in Paris as part of its Division of Intercourse and Education (Division des Relations et de L'Education) in 1912. The Centre was founded with an Advisory Council composed of representative and distinguished statesmen and public leaders of Europe and Asia. An Executive Committee was appointed from this Council with the authority to carry out the work of the Division abroad. The Centre Européen Records (1911-1940, 316 boxes) consist of correspondence; clippings; meeting minutes, agendas, and transcripts; lectures in typescript and printed form; memoranda; financial documents; books, pamphlets, speeches, reports, and brochures in typescripts and printed versions; invitations; maps; posters; architectural plans and drawings; and photographs, which document the founding, administration, and activity of the Centre Européen specifically and, in a more general sense, the work of the Carnegie Endowment in Europe.

At a Glance

Bib ID:11000245 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. European Center.
Title:Carnegie Endowment for International Peace European Center Records, 1911-1940.
Physical description:131 linear ft (316 boxes).
Language(s): English, Centre Europeen Records in French
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Arrangement

Arrangement

Collection is divided into two record groups with separate finding aids: New York/Washington Offices and Centre Europeen in Paris. Files within record groups are arrranged into series by subject. Selected correspondence cataloged at item level (see finding aid for details). When requesting material from this collection please request by Series and subseries as well as box number.

Correspondence of US office in 1910-1936 has been indexed and bound into chronological volumes by CEIP. The indices are available online as part of the finding aid.

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Description

Scope and Content

Correspondence, memoranda, financial documents, minutes, book and lecture typescripts, printed matter, reports, press releases, news clippings, posters, architectural plans, and photographs document the activities of the New York and Washington Offices of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace from 1910 until 1954, as well as the founding, administration, and activity of the Centre Europeen (CEIP Paris Office) and the work of the Carnegie Endowment in Europe in 1911-1940. The CEIP records are most complete for the 1940-1945 period, while some documentation from the post-war period was retained by the Endowment. The collection does not include any records on grants given by the CEIP. Grant files and post-1954 materials are still with the Endowment in Washington, DC.

The Activités series (1911-1938, boxes 1-49) comprises files on particular Centre Européen projects and initiatives, subjects, individuals (including special correspondents), and organizations. The Administration series (1912-1938, boxes 49-84) consists of financial material, clippings, invitations, press releases, lists and notes, personnel files, offers of collaboration, correspondence, and memoranda that document the founding and administration of the Centre and its Hôtel. The Associations Diverses files (1927-1937, boxes 84-102) consist of correspondence with and material issued by various organizations with which the Centre Européen had contact.

The correspondence, usage statistics and records, and subscription information in the Bibliothèque series (1920-1937, boxes 102-112) document the activity and administration of the Centre's Bibliothèque and Salle de Lecture. The meeting minutes, agendas, and transcipts and related correspondence in the Comité series (1912-1938, boxes 113-130) reflect the work of the various Centre committees in planning and administering the Centre's activities, as well as the priorities of individual committee members. The Correspondance series (1911-1938, boxes 130-171) includes administrative and internal correspondence (correspondance du bureau) and general correspondence (correspondance diverse).

The Cours et Conférences series (1924-1938, boxes 171-188) consists of correspondence, reports, lecture transcripts, invitations, schedules, posters, and printed matter that document the courses and lectures sponsored by and held at the Centre. Correspondence, speeches, internal memoranda, and printed material in the Directeurs series (1913-1940, boxes 189-225) document the work and travels on behalf of the Endowment of the Baron d'Estournelles de Constant (the Centre's President , 1913-1924), Earle Babcock and Malcolm Davis (its two American Directeur-Adjoints), and Nicholas Murrary Butler (the Director of the Division of Intercourse and Education). The series also include books and pamphlets by an about Andrew Carnegie and some correspondence with Louise Carnegie.

The Dotation Carnegie series (1912-1938, boxes 225-249) consists of the Centre's correspondence with the London, New York, and Washington offices of the Endowment, and the files of the French section of the Divison of Economics and History, which wokred out of the Centre. Correspondence, typescripts, page proofs, and pamphlets in the Publications series (1920-1940, boxes 250-293) document the editorial, production, and distribution aspects of the Centre's publications program.

The Subventions series (1912-1937, boxes 293-313)consists of requests for financial support from the Endowment, reports on grants given by the Endowment, and notes and minutes documenting the Centre's Comité's consideration of grant requests. (The Endowment used the Comité to evaluate requests for support and collaboration originating outside of the United States.)

Series I: Activités, 1911-1914 1918-1938

The Activités series comprises files on particular Centre Européen projects and intiatives, subjects, individuals (including special correspondents), and organizations. It includes material on the Endowment's reconstruction projects in Fargniers, Reims, and Louvain, its Division of Relations with Germany (Allemagne), the Austro-American Institute of Education, conferences and inquires on the Balkans, the American Library in Paris, the British and American Students' Conference, the Fondation des États-Unis, the Dunford House Association, the Institut International de Coopération Intellectuelle, International Mind Alcoves, International Relations Clubs, Florence Wilson, and visits organized by the Endowment.

See also Series XII. Subventions for more material on various activities supported by the Endowment.

Subseries I.B: Albanie, 1920-1923

In 1920 under the auspices of the Centre, Justin Godart, former vice-president of the Chamber of Deputies and a member of the Centre's Advisory Council, made an unofficial visit to Albania. The resulting report was entitled L'Albanie en 1921.

Subseries I.C: Allemagne, 1921-1927

In February 1922 the Baron d'Estournelles de Constant asked Henri Lichtenberger, professor of German Literature at the Sorbonne, to visit Germany to gauge the state of German public opinion. As a result of his visit, the Centre held a conference of representative Frenchmen and Germans. This conference led to the Centre's establishing a Division of Relations with Germany. Lichtenberger ran the division; he corresponded with individuals in Germany and Central Europe and held regular meetings and discussions in Paris. His collaborators included Hellmut von Gerlach (in Berlin) and F.W. Foerster.

This subseries includes general correspondence on the Endowment's activities in Germany, material regarding lectures on Germany or delivered in Germany (and in some cases the texts of the lectures), clippings, posters, requests for the Endowment's support, meeting minutes and transcripts (proces-verbal) and reports from Endowment correspondents on the situation in Germany.

Subseries I.E: Les Balkans, 1932-1937

Subseries I.F: Bibliothèque Américaine (American Library in Paris), 1922-1934

Babcock served for several years as the President of the Library's board. These files also Include material regarding École de Bibliothécaires.

See also Florence Wilson (in this series) and Babcock's Correspondance diverse (VII.B.1)

Subseries I.J: Chambre de Commerce Internationale, 1938

See also Series III. Associations diverses-1935-documents (100.2)

Subseries I.L: Conference Économique et Monétaire, 1934-935

The full title of the conference was "International conference held at Chatham House, London, March5-7, 1935 on steps to be taken to restore confidence by promotion of trade and reduction of unemployment, stabilization of national monetary systems, and better organization of the family of nations to give security and strengthen the foundations on which international peace must rest."

Subseries I.O: Dunford House (Richard Cobden Memorial) Association, 1925-1937

The Dunford House Association was founded in 1927 to maintain Richard Cobden's birthplace as a memorial and a center for the discussion of international affairs and to promote free trade, peace, and international understanding. The Association also held an annual Richard Cobden Lecture in London and printed and distributed the lecture in pamphlet form. The Endowment's Division of Intercourse and Education collaborated with the Association from its founding.

Includes correspondence with T. Fisher Unwin, H.S. Perris, material regarding conferences held there by Endowment and peer institutions, and photographs of the house.

Subseries I.Q: Enquête sur les Livres Scolaires d'Aprés-Guerre, 1922-1931

The Endowment sponsored a study of the teaching of history throughout Europe via an examination of the textboooks being used in primary and secondary schools. The Centre published the results of the study in two volumes under the imprint of the Dotation Carnegie pour la Paix Internationale, 173 Boulevard St.-Germain. Volume I, published in 1923 covered France, Belgium, German, Austria, Great Britain, Italy, and Bulgaria. Volume II, which appeared in 1927 covered Albania, Flemish Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania, Yougoslavia, Russia, Czechoslovakia, and Turkey.

This subseries includes correspondence with printers, authors, page proofs and typescript reports, and correspondence of the Rapporteur Général, Jules Proudhommeaux.

Subseries I.S: Fargniers, 1921-1933

After the First World War, the Endowment supported several reconstruction projects, including the rebuilding of libraries in Louvain, Reims, and Belgrade. In 1922 the Trustees devoted $150,000 for the construction of a model public square in the French Commune of Fargniers in Aisne. The Aisne was the most devastated Department in France. Fargniers had been leveled completely. Its population of 3,000 before the war had been reduced to 1,000. The Endowment chose Fargniers as the cite for the model public square, which was known as Place Carnegie, in consultation with M. Loucheur, Minister for the Devastated Regions.

The Place was laid out as an open park. The Endowment erected several public buildings around the park: the Mairie (Town Hall), the Postes et Télégraphes, the Bibliothèque de la Ville, the Lavoir et Bains, an Ecole de Filles, and an Ecole de Garçons. On July 9, 1922 Myron T. Herrick, the American Ambassador to France, laid the corner-stone of the Town Hall. By the end of 1924 after much construction and several more opening ceremonies, construction was complete.

The material in this subseries includes correspondence with government officials, architects, and Endowment staff; financial accounts and correspondence; architectural pplans and drawings; photographs of construction progress and cermonies; clippings; meeting minutes of the Comité Fargniers-Reims; and other material, including posters and invitations that advertised the ceremonies held in Fargniers to celebrate the rebuilding of the commune.

See also Series XIII. Oversize Material

Subseries I.T: France-America Society (Société France-Amérique), 1920-1924

This subseries contains correspondence, brochures, menus, programs, invitations, clippings, and other printed material that document receptions, dinners, visits sponsored by the Society.

See also Visites (this series).

Subseries I.V: Institut International de Coopération Intellectuelle (International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation), 1926-1938

The Assembly and Council of of the League of Nations founded the Institute of Intellectual Cooperation (IICI) in 1924 as part of its Organization of Intellectual Cooperation. The initial grant for its founding was made by France. Twenty other countries also provided annual subsidies. The IICI and The International Committee of Intellectual Co-operation (CICI) were the two major organizations merged to form UNESCO in 1946.

This subseries includes correspondence, minutes, agendas, reports, and publications that document the work of the American National Committee on International Intellectual Cooperation, the Institution for the Scientific Study of International Relations, the Liaison Committee of Major International Associations (Comité d'Entente des Grandes Associations Internationales), the International Federation of Teachers Associations, American Coordinating Committee for International Studies, Conférence Permanente des Hautes Études Internationales (International Studies Conference), as well as that of IICI. Individuals with whom there is correspondence include F. Chalmers Wright (IICI), Henri Bonnet (IICI), Leo Gross (IICI), Jiri F. Vranek, James Shotwell (American National Committee), and J.B Condliffe (International Studies Conference).

Subseries I.W: Institutions Carnegie Diverses, 1928-1932

These files consist mostly of publications (mainly annual reports) issued by various Carnegie organizations including the Endowment, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, and the Carnegie Institution of Washington.

Subseries I.AA: International Moral Education Congress (Congrès International d'Éducation Morale) (G. Lane Fox Pitt), 1927-1930

Includes correspondence with La Ligue Française d'Éducation Morale.

Subseries I.BB: International Relations Clubs, 1930-1937

Includes material regarding International Mind Alcoves.

See also Florence Wilson.

Subseries I.FF: Reims. Bibliothèque Municipale, 1922-1928

Includes photographs of cornerstone laying (in 1921 folder) and of construction site and finished library (documents folder).

See also Series XIII. Oversized Material

Subseries I.MM: Wilson, Florence, 1927-1929

The former librarian of the League of Nations, Florence Wilson served the Centre European as an administrator and consultant. She was particularly active in organizing the Endowment's International Mind Alcoves and International Relations Clubs. She also advised the Centre's Director, Earle Babcock, on library matters, and traveled to several libraries, including the American Library in Cairo, as an advisor. These files document her activities; they contain correspondence and reports, and include letters and postcards from Wilson to the Centre as she traveled in Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, and the Balkans. Some of the reports contain photographs.

See also International Mind Alcoves and International Relations Clubs.

II. Administration, 1912-1938

This series consists of financial material, clippings, invitations, press releases, lists and notes, personnel files, offers of collaboration, correspondence, and memoranda that document the founding and administration of the Centre and its Hôtel.

Subseries II.C: Fondation et Organisation du Centre Européen, 1911-1922

Subseries II.D: Hôtel, 1922-1937

In 1923 the Endowment purchased a building in Paris to house the Centre Européen. Previously, the Centre's offices were located in rooms at 24 rue Pierre Curie. The new building at 173 Boulevard Saint-Germain, an 18th century hôtel, contained the Centre's administration offices, lecture rooms, library, and a movie theater. The Centre also rented its rooms for lectures, and let office space to other organizations and individuals. This series documents the purchase, renovation, and day to day maintenance of the Centre Européen's headquarters. One of the Hôtel's longtime tenants was the American University Union, whose files in this subseries document its collaboration with the Endowment as well as its status as a tenant.

Subseries II.F: Noms, 1932-1933 1939-1941

These are name indices for the Centre's records for the given years. The cards for 1939-1941 also include individuals' addresses.

Subseries II.H: Offres d'emplois, de services, de collaboration, 1925-1937

Also includes demandes d'emplois.

Subseries II.F: Noms, 1932-1933 1939-1941

These are name indices for the Centre's records for the given years. The cards for 1939-1941 also include individuals' addresses.

Subseries II.H: Offres d'emplois, de services, de collaboration, 1925-1937

Also includes demandes d'emplois.

Series III: Associations Diverses, 1927-1937

This series consists of correspondence with various organizations with which the Centre Européen had contact. It also contains publications and other material ("documents") issued by these organizations. For@1932 there is card index to the organzations that appear throughout the records.

Series IV: Bibliothèque, 1920-1921 1926-1937

The correspondence, usage statistics and records, and subscription information in this series document the activity and administration of the Centre's Bibliothèque and Salle de Lecture.

Subseries IV.A: Bibliothèque et annexe du Centre, 1926-1937

The library of the Centre was built around Frédéric Passy's library of books on international affairs and law, which the Centre purchased from the Passy estate. The librarian was Mlle. Amelot, who had been Passy's secretary. Originally in rooms adjacent to the Centre's offices at 24 rue Pierre Curie, the Passy library moved to the Centre's new headquarters in 1923. Its collections were open to the public.

Includes general correspondence regarding the purchase of books and usage statistics. Some years contain copies of the "Courrier du President Butler," a weekly update of what was in the French news, followed by a list of the clippings sent to Butler.

Subseries IV.B: Bibliothèque Lammasch, 1920-1921

Subseries IV.C: Salle de Lecture, 1926-1933

This suberies includes correspondence, subscription information, reports, and lists of requests made in the reading room. Some material regarding the Salle after 1933 is filed in subseries A. Bibliothèque et annexe du Centre.

Series V: Comités, 1912-1938

The meeting minutes, agendas, and transcripts and related correspondence in this series reflect the work of various Centre committees in planning and administering the Centre's activities, as well as the priorities of individual committee members.

Subseries V.A: Assemblées generales, 1912-1925

Includes minutes and other material relating to the work of the Comité Consultatif, Comité Executif, and the Conseil des Correspants.

Subseries V.B: Comité d'Administration (Comité du Centre Européen), 1924-1938

This subseries includes minutes, agendas, and correspondence of the Comité d'Administration, often referred to as the Comité. This committee had several names during the Centre's time in Paris, including the Comité Paris et Europe, Conseil Consultatif, Conseil de Direction, and Comité du Centre Européen.

Subseries V.C: Comité du Désarmement, 1926

Series VI: Correspondence, 1911-1938

Correspondence files include administrative and internal correspondence (correspondance du bureau) and general correspondence (corresondance diverse).

Subseries VI.A: Correspondence du bureau, 1911-1927 1930-1931

This subseries consists administrative correspondence of the Centre. Within each year correspondence is arranged in rough alphabetical order; within some years there are several alphabetical sequences.

Subseries VI.B: Correspondance diverse, 1914-1938

These files represent the general correspondence of the Centre. The correspondence is arranged in alphabetical order within each year. There are several alphabetical sequences for some years. There are separate folders for each person or organization with which there was correspondence in 1938. These names are listed below. It can be assumed that there is correspondence for many of these individuals in the files for earlier years. The correspondence folders for 1937 are followed by "documents", which consist of brochures, books, pamphlets, and other printed matter enclosed with correspondence received by the Centre.

Series VII: Cours et Conférences, 1924-1938

This series consists of correspondence, reports, lecture transcripts, invitations, schedules, posters, and printed matter that document the courses and lectures sponsored by and held at the Centre. This series includes material relating to Thomas Mann's lecture delivered at the Centre in January 1926 (See 178.2 and 185.4).

Subseries VII.A: Cours, 1926-1937

From 1926 through 1939 in collaboration with the Institut des Hautes Études Internationales and under the auspices of the Faculty of Law in the University of Paris, the Centre Européen conducted courses of lectures on international organization and relations. Starting in 1928 the Centre offered a considerable number of shorter courses. The lectures were published and distributed to libraries in Europe and the United States.

For each year, there is correspondence, mostly with the lectureres and printers, and documents. The documents consist of posters, invitations, schedules, budgets, and typed and printed versions of the courses.

See also Series XIII. Oversise material for posters and announcements and the CEIP Records (III.C.5. Cours) for more transcripts of the lectures.

Subseries VII.B: Chaire Carnegie, 1925-1938

In addition to the Cours, the Centre offered independent courses under the auspices of the Chaire Carnegie, which it established in 1925. Each year, the Chaire and invited authorities delivered a series of lectures on a subject selected in agreement with the consultative committee. André Tibal (University of Nancy and previously Directeur of L'Institut Français at Prague) occupied the Chaire from 1925 until 1940.

From 1927 until 1933 the Centre also maintained a Carnegie Lehrstuhl at the Deutsche Hochschule für Politik in Berlin. Unlike the Chaire in Paris, until 1931 the Lehrstuhl was not entrusted to one professor, but was conducted as a series of lectures and seminars given yearly at the Hochschule and the University of Berlin by several professors from different countries. In 1931 Hajo Holborn of the University of Heidelberg was appointed permanent incumbent of the Chaire Carnegie in Berlin. In 1933 the German Government made the Hochschule an official school and the Carnegie Lehrstuhl was discontinued.

This series includes correspondence (mostly with lecturers and printers), clippings, press releases, posters, lectures in typescript and published versions, and invitations.

See also Subseries VII.C. (Conférences diverses) for other material on lectures delivered under the auspices of the Chaire.

Subseries VII.C: Conférences diverses, 1924-1933

This subseries consists of correspondence relating to and the typescripts of various lectures delivered at the Centre. Many of the lectures for which there is material in this subseries were given under the auspices of the Chaire Carnegie.

Series VIII: Directeurs, 1913-1940

Correspondence, speeches, internal memoranda, and printed material document the work and travels on behalf of the Endowment of the Baron d'Estournelles de Constant (the Centre's President, 1913-1924), Earle Babcock and Malcolm Davis (its two American Directeur-Adjoints), and Nicholas Murrary Butler (the Director of the Division of Intercourse and Education). Babock's and Davis's files include separate groups of correspondence with Butler and Henry Haskell, who was Butler's assistant. The series also include books and pamphlets by an about Andrew Carnegie and some correspondence with Louise Carnegie.

Subseries VIII.A: Estournelles de Constant, Paul Henri Benjamin, baron d', 1913-1924

Baron d'Estournelles was President of the Centre Européen from its founding until his death in 1924.

The correspondence in this suberies consists of letters between Baron d'Estournelles and the staff of the Centre. The notes and mementos are also those exchanged between the Baron and the Centre's staff and include monthly reports on the Centre's activities. The "En voyage" file contains material concerning the Baron's trips to England and Holland in 1924. The biographical material includes correspondence, clippings, postcards, and speeches about the Baron's life and achievements.

Subseries VIII.B: Babcock, Earle B., 1924-1935

Earle Babcock served as the Centre's Directeur-Adjoint from 1925 until 1935.

For some years correspondance diverse files include two or more separate sequences (in chronological and alphabetical order) and include letters and reports from the Centre staff to Babcock.

Subseries VIII.C: Davis, Malcolm W., 1935-1940

Malcolm Davis was Directeur-Adjoint of the Centre from 1935 until 1940.

Subseries VIII.D: Butler, Nicholas Murray-Voyages en Europe et Discours, 1921-1937

This subseries consists of correspondence, itineraries, schedules, clippings, and other material related to Butler's trips to Europe. It also includes typescript and printed versions of various speeches that Butler delivered.

Subseries VIII.E: Carnegie, Andrew

Subseries VIII.F: Carnegie, Louise-Correspondence, 1923-1925

Series IX: Dotation Carnegie (Autres bureaux et sections), 1912-1938

This series consists the Centre's correspondence with the London, New York, and Washington offices of the Endowment, and the files of the French section of the Divison of Economics and History, which worked out of the Centre.

Subseries IX.A: London Office, 1935-1938

Subseries IX.B: New York Office, 1912-1938

Subseries IX.C: Washington Office, 1922-1938

Subseries IX.D: Section Historique et Économique, 1912-1933

Series X: Photographies

While most photographs in the records are filed with the corresponding material, this small group of photographs was kept separate. The series consists mostly of large matted photographs, often in multiple copies, but also includes smaller prints and some negatives. The series includes photographs of Butler, Erich von Prittwitz und Gaffron, the Hôtel du Centre, and various group shots (some posed) taken at Dunford House, the League of Nations, the Geneva Institute for International Relations, and the Second Vienna Summer School.

See also Series XIII. Oversize material.

Series XI: Publications, 1920-1940

Correspondence, typescripts, page proofs, and pamphlets document the editorial, production, and distribution aspects of the Centre's publications program.

Subseries XI.A: Brochures sur le Centre Européen, 1928-1933

This subseries consists of the typescripts and proofs for the pamphlet published by the Centre that described the foundation, administration, and activities of the Centre. The Centre published French, German, and English versions. This subseries also contains some correspondence regarding the pamphlet's production.

Subseries XI.B: Conciliation Internationale , 1927-1937

Subseries XI.C: Distribution, 1920-1938

Subseries XI.D: L'Esprit International , 1925-1940

Subseries XI.E: Imprimeurs, 1926-1937

Subseries XI.F: Livres, 1921-1928 1936

Subseries XI.G: Manuscrits, 1933 1935

Series XII: Subventions, 1912-1914 1921-1937

This series consists of requests for financial support from the Endowment, reports on grants given by the Endowment, and notes and minutes documenting the Centre's Comité's consideration of grant requests. The Endowment used the Comité to evaluate requests for support and collaboration originating outside of the United States. These files often supplement material in the Activités files (Series I).

Series XIII: Oversize Material (from)

The Oversize series consists of material removed from other parts of collections. The series is organized by the series and subseries from which it was removed. The description of the item(s) is followed by the box and folder number (177.3) in which the material was stored originally. Most of the oversize material is announcements of courses, lecture offerings, and other events(affiches) made by the Centre and other associations, but the series also inlcudes more graphic posters promoting peace and disarmament, maps, photographs, and archictectural drawings.

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Using the Collection

RBML

Restrictions on Use

Permission to publish materials must be obtained in writing from Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Curator of Carnegie Collections.

Preferred Citation

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace - Centre Europeen Records. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Columbia University Libraries. [Box Number]

Related Collections at Columbia

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. New York and Washington Offices. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Columbia University Libraries

James T. Shotwell Papers. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Columbia University Libraries

John Bates Clark Papers. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Columbia University Libraries

Nicholas Murray Butler Papers. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Columbia University Libraries

Malcolm Waters Davis Papers. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Columbia University Libraries

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Cataloged 04/17/89 CHF

Processed 1962 JAH, 2002 WS

Jennifer S. Comins converted and corrected content for EAD conversion of legacy finding aid, 9/6/2015

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion November 6, 2014 Finding aid written in English.
    2014-11-06 File created.

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Additional Creators

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Byrd, Richard Evelyn, 1888-1957.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Florinsky, Michael T., 1894-1981.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Leacock, Stephen, 1869-1944.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Masters, Edgar Lee, 1868-1950.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Mili͡ukov, P. N. (Pavel Nikolaevich), 1859-1943.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Wister, Owen, 1860-1938.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Andrew Carnegie.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Davis, Malcolm W. (Malcolm Waters), 1899-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Endowments--France--Paris.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Endowments--New York (State)--New York.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Endowments--Officials and employees.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Endowments--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Estournelles de Constant, Paul-Henri-Benjamin Balluet, baron d', 1852-1924.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Geneva Research Center.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hiss, Alger.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Humanitarianism.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
International Labour Organization.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
International relations--Research.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Johnson, Joseph E. (Joseph Esrey), 1906-1990.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
League of Nations.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Peace--Societies, etc.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Philanthropists.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Root, Elihu, 1845-1937.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
United Nations.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Historical Note

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace established Le Centre Européen de la Dotation Carnegie pour la Paix Internationale in Paris as part of its Division of Intercourse and Education (Division des Relations et de L'Education) in 1912. The Centre was founded with an Advisory Council composed of representative and distinguished statesmen and public leaders of Europe and Asia. An Executive Committee was appointed from this Council with the authority to carry out the work of the Division abroad. Baron d'Estournelles de Constant was President of the Advisory Council from its formation until his death in 1924.

Four Special Correspondents were appointed, nationals of Austria, England, Germany and Japan, to keep the Director informed regarding international policies and international conduct relating to their respective countries. After World War I, the Advisory Council was reconstituted to include members from additional countries, and the number of Special Correspondents was increased to seven.

The Centre Européen was reorganized again in 1925, when it's administration was placed in charge of an American Directeur-Adjoint, with the advice of a consultative committee formed of members from various European countries. In June 1939, this committee was dissolved, while the Directeur-Adjoint remained in charge.

The activities of l'Association de la Conciliation Internationale, founded in Paris in 1905, were combined with the European work of the Endowment from 1912 on, and, following a fusion of interests in 1928, the Centre Européen maintained the title of Conciliation Internationale for the series of documents it published until 1937. At that time, the Endowment merged Conciliation Internationale with l'Esprit Internationale, the quarterly review published by the Centre Européen since 1927. This publication was suspended following the collapse of France in June 1940. Its articles, relating to contemporary problems of international life were contributed by scholars and specialists and statesmen of many nationalities. A chronicle appeared in each number, giving a summary of the political and economic events in the period under review.

In collaboration with the Institut des Hautes Études Internationales under the auspices of the Faculty of Law in the University of Paris, the Centre Européen from 1926 until 1939 conducted courses of lectures on international organization and relations. Starting in 1928 the Centre Européen also offered a considerable number of shorter. The lectures were published and distributed to numerous libraries in Europe and the United States. The Centre Européen also offered an independent course under the auspices of the Chaire Carnegie, which was delivered on a different subject each year and included addresses by invited speakers from different European countries. From 1927 until 1933, the Centre maintained a Carnegie Lehrstuhl at the Deutsche Hochschule für Politik. For four years until the outbreak of the war in 1939, the Centre Européen provided a Scandinavian traveling lectureship in international law and organization.

The Library of the Centre Européen was founded in 1913 in order to establish a collection of works on international law, politics, economics, government, and social science. A separate reading room (Salle de Lecture) for current newspapers and other periodicals opened in 1926.

The Centre Européen actively participated in the work of the International Studies Conference. The European Center also supported in part the, which subsidized the work of young scholars, carried on inquiries for the International Studies Conference, published a series of Geneva Studies, and issued a monthly Information Bulletin on developments and events as seen from Geneva and on the activities of the League of Nations and the International Labor Organization

Other organizations with which the Centre Européen cooperated were the International Studies Conference , International Consultative Group, the International Migration Service, the International Student House at Geneva, the Geneva Research Center, the Department of International Relations of the Christian Michelsen Institute at Bergen, the American University, the Amerika Institut in Berlin, the Austro-American Institute of Education in Vienna, the Italo-Ameircan Institute at Florence, and the American Institute at Prague.

The Centre's activities were almost completely suspended during the Nazi occupation of Paris. After World War II, its activities were greatly reduced. In 1954 the Centre moved to Paris.

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