Li Hanhun (traditional Chinese: 李漢魂; simplified Chinese: 李汉魂; pinyin: Li Hanhun; 7 October 1895-30 June 1987), courtesy name Bohao (伯豪) was a Chinese (Kuomintang) general from Wuchuan, Guangdong. He participated in the Northern Expedition and Second Sino-Japanese War, when he served as chair of the Guangdong provincial government for six years. In 1949, he went to the United States, where, in 1987, he died in New York. Former Harvard Professor Frederick Pei Li was his son.
Chu Fang Wu:
Chu Fang Wu (1911-1999) was born into a feudal family at the time of China's transition from Empire to Republic. Being the only child of a father who had little interest in a daughter and a mother who died during her infancy, her life story was one of relentless striving for a place in society for herself and for those she was in a position to help, especially children and women. As a teenager, she defied the wishes of her father and insisted on getting an education. When Republic of China General Han Hun Li, a commander of the famed Fourth Army, was stationed in Ichang, Hubei where she resided in 1929, he proposed to her, asking her what she would wish as his wife; “obtaining a college education” was her reply. She recorded her life with him in war-time China, and afterwards in America, in a diary from 1939 to 1987.
As a young army officer's wife, she organized literacy and home economics classes for other officers' wives while her husband was chief civil-military administrator in Shaoguan, Guangdong. With a third child on the way, she entered the Sun Yatsen University College of Agriculture in Guangzhou (Canton) with the inaugural group of eight female students, receiving her bachelor's degree in 1941.
The Sino-Japanese War exploded in 1937. With her husband recalled to active duty, Chu Fang Wu began organizing the officers' wives to raise funds in Hong Kong for medical supplies and winter wear for the soldiers in the frontline. (His wife's relief activities at the front where Li was fighting was noted in Frieda Utley's book China at War.)
As the wife of the Governor of Guangdong (1939-1945), she led the rescue operation of over 20,000 refugee children from occupied territories and war zones. Seven Children's Homes and Schools were established in succession to accommodate the refugee children, ages 6-18, each nurturing and educating over 1,000 children at any given time. Also founded were a normal school, vocational high schools, and the Lixin High School for gifted students. Factories were established to accommodate those older than 18 years. The children called her Mother, even decades later when many of them have become professors, journalists, engineers, teachers, military officers, in China, Taiwan, and abroad.
She also founded the Women's Brigade, which accommodated over 1,000 young women who lost their soldier husbands in service of their country. The women learned literacy, farming, and cottage industry skills, and received military training towards civil defense.
Chu-Fang Wu was also an elected member of the first National Assembly of the Republic of China.
After the Communist takeover of China in 1949, General Li and Mrs. Li settled in New York City. Having scarce financial resources to support the four children they brought with them and then a fifth born in America, she resolved to take up one of the few career options open at that time to Chinese immigrants with limited English, that of a restaurateur. She first learned the mechanics of operating a restaurant in a “chop suey house” type of place, the Good Will, in NYC's Washington Heights, which she went into with several partners experienced in the business. Then in 1955 she opened her own restaurant in White Plains, NY, China Garden, by which she eventually broke new ground in Chinese cuisine in America. By means of innovative menus and presentations, and by working personally to educate customers to the appreciation of gourmet Chinese dining, she brought this restaurant to great heights of recognition in the New York City area.