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   Henry Ford Peace Expedition Collection 1913-1924 [Bulk Dates: 1915-1916]

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Henry Ford Peace Expedition collection; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

Abstract

This collection contains photographs, pamphlets, newspaper clippings, and writings relating to the Henry Ford Peace Expedition that took place in the winter of 1915-1916.

At a Glance

Call No.:MS#0441
Bib ID:4078773 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Henry Ford Peace Expedition (1915-1916)
Title:Henry Ford Peace Expedition Collection 1913-1924 [Bulk Dates: 1915-1916]
Physical description:.42 linear ft. (1 document box)
Language(s):In English and Swedish.
Access: This collection has no restrictions. The following boxes are located off-site: Box 1. You will need to request this material from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. Materials in map case 14-P-1 are located on-site.  More information »

Arrangement

Arrangement

The material is arranged in two series:

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Description

Scope and Content

This collection of printed materials and photographs was assembled by Mary Alden Hopkins, a member of the Expedition, in 1952. The content primarily spans the time period just before, during, and after the expedition between the winter of 1915 and 1916. The collection centers on Hopkins' personal accounts of the expedition, biographical pamphlets, and passenger lists. Official statements issued by Louis P. Lochner, General Secretary of The Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation, at Stockholm, are also included herein. Additionally, a letter from Lochner with the "Appeal to Neutrals," the Neutral Conference's manifesto, is located in this collection. Several issues of Four Lights , a magazine published by the Women's Peace Party of New York City, are included along with various newspaper clippings pertaining both to the expedition and to the war in general. The photographs in this collection are both unidentified and undated, but certainly describe the social and political activities that took place during the expedition.

Series I: Printed Materials: 1913, 1915-1916, 1923, 1924

This series has four document types: clippings, Four Lights , pamphlets, and writings, each designated to an individual folder. Folder four contains many typed drafts of Hopkins’ writings, most of which were created on board the Peace Ship in the winter of 1915. Titles include: “The Ship of Fools,” “The Ford Peace Expedition in Scandinavia,” “Statement of Desire to Return from Expedition,” and “The Return of the Ford Peace Expedition.” Folder 4 also contains a letter from Louis P. Lochner with the “Appeal to Neutrals,” as well as travel itineraries, and a letter from Ellen Key. Eleven issues of Four Lights are located in folder 2 (map case 14-p-1), with dates January-March 1917, May-July 1917, September-October 1917. Most of the pamphlets in series I are either biographies listing those involved in the expedition, or passenger lists. The majority of the newspaper articles are specifically related to the expedition, though some are articles that pertain to the war in general.

Series II: Photographs, Undated

The photographs document not only the activities that took place on board the Peace Ship but also professional and leisurely activities that took place in Christiania (now Oslo), Norway and Stockholm, Sweden. These consist mostly of human portraits, although some landscape and street photographs exist. Photographs of the skiers at the ski jump at Lillehammer in Norway are also found in this collection. The photographs are both undated and unidentified.

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Using the Collection

Partially Offsite

Access Restrictions

This collection has no restrictions.

 The following boxes are located off-site: Box 1. You will need to request this material from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

      offsite requestMore information and link to off-site request form

Materials in map case 14-P-1 are located on-site.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Curator of Manuscripts/University Archivist, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (RBML). The RBML approves permission to publish that which it physically owns; the responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Henry Ford Peace Expedition collection; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Finding aid in repository; folder level control.

Selected Related Material-- Other Repositories

Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Swarthmore College.

Henry Ford Peace Expedition Literary File, Photography Collection, University of Texas, Austin.

Papers Relating to the Ford Peace Plan, 1915-1918, Library of Congress.

Frederick and Lilian Holt Peace Expedition Papers, 1915-1917, University of Michigan .

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Papers processed by Robyn Hjermstad

Finding aid written by Robyn Hjermstad June 2010.

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion July 31, 2010 Finding aid written in English.
    2010-07-31 File created.
    2010-08-04 XML document instance created by Catherine N. Carson

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
PhotoprintsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Ford, Henry, 1863-1947PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Henry Ford Peace Expedition (1915-1916)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hopkins, Mary Alden,--collector.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Lochner, Louis Paul, 1887-1975.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Mediation, International.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation (Stockholm, Sweden)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Peace.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
World War, 1914-1918.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
World politics.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Historical Note

The purpose of the Henry Ford Peace Expedition was to call a conference of delegates from non-combatant countries during World War I. In the winter of 1915-1916, the Ford Peace Expedition carried a delegation of Americans to Norway, Sweden, and Holland to meet with fellow European pacifists. Henry Ford hosted the "Peace Ship," which served as both a vehicle for travel and for collaboration amongst its passengers.

During the months prior to the expedition, Hungarian feminist and pacifist Rosika Schwimmer encouraged Ford to commission the expedition. On December 4th, 1915, Henry Ford and members of the peace voyage boarded Oscar II , also known as the Peace Ship, in Hoboken, New Jersey for the expedition. The delegates for the peace expedition traveled first to Christiania (present day Oslo), Norway, and later met with fellow pacifists in Sweden and Holland. In February, 1916, members of the neutral nations from Europe met with the Ford party in Stockholm, Sweden, to form the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation. The expedition returned from Europe in February of 1916, but work within the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation continued until the end of that year. Among many active figures that influenced the expedition were Rosika Schwimmer, Ellen Key, and Louis P. Lochner.

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