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   Pearl S.Buck Collection, 1932-1956.

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Pearl S. Buck Papers; Box and Folder (if known); Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

Abstract

The collection consists primarily of carbon copies of manuscripts for Pearl S. Buck's short stories, essays, speeches, and screenplays. Some copies include corrections and additions in Buck's handwriting. The collection also includes publications by other authors including an exhaustive bibliography of Buck's work by Lucille S. Zinn of the Pearl S. Buck Birthplace Foundation, Inc.

At a Glance

Call No.:MS#0162
Bib ID:4079821 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973.
Title:Pearl S.Buck Collection, 1932-1956.
Physical description:.84 linear ft. (2 document boxes)
Language(s): Material is in English.
Access: This collection is located on-site. This collection has no restrictions.  More information »

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in two series.

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Description

Scope and Content

The collection consists primarily of carbon copies of manuscripts for Pearl S. Buck's short stories, essays, speeches, and screenplays. Some copies include corrections and additions in Buck's handwriting. The collection also includes publications by other authors including an exhaustive bibliography of Buck's work by Lucille S. Zinn of the Pearl S. Buck Birthplace Foundation, Inc.

Series I: Manuscripts by Pearl S. Buck, 1932-1956

This series is comprised of manuscripts for short stories, plays, essays, and speeches by Pearl S. Buck on a broad range of topics. Writings within the collection emphasize the need for global cross-cultural understanding in order to achieve harmony of the human race. The roles of various groups within the United States to achieve this goal are addressed in Buck's "A Letter to Colored Americans" essay and her speeches both to the New York Urban League and the New York Board of Education. Other items of note include the incomplete manuscript for Buck's biography of her father, Fighting Angel: Portrait of a Soul, which includes corrections and additions in Buck's handwriting, and the unpublished play script inserts and prose manuscript for Flight into China, which Buck later expanded into her novel Peony.

Series II: Manuscripts by other authors, 1930, 1964, 1977

This series consists of published materials by other authors including an exhaustive bibliography of Buck's work by Lucille S. Zinn of the Pearl S. Buck Birthplace Foundation, Inc.

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Using the Collection

RBML

Access Restrictions

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. The RBML maintains ownership of the physical material only. Copyright remains with the creator and his/her heirs. The responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Pearl S. Buck Papers; Box and Folder (if known); Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Selected Related Material-- Other Repositories

The Papers of Pearl Buck 1933-1947, University of Virginia Libraries

Pearl S. Buck letters and papers, 1941-1969, Pennsylvania State University Libraries

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Papers processed by Jenny Mathias, July 2010.

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion November 4, 2010 Finding aid written in English.
    2010-11-04 File created.
    2010-11-05 XML document instance created by Catherine C. Ricciardi.

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Articles.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Bibliographies.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Carbon copies.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Drafts.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Essays.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Fiction.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Lectures.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Mimeograph copies.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Speeches.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
American literature--20th century.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Authors, American--20th century.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Authors, American.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973--FictionPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973--Political and social views.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
China--In literature.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
China--Social life and customs--1901-1949.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Novelists--20th centuryPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Philanthropists.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Sai, Zhenzhu, 1892-1973PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Sedges, John, 1892-1973.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Women authors, American.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Women dramatists, American.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Women novelists.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Pearl S. Buck is an American-born author and humanitarian best known for her fictional works containing nuanced descriptions of Chinese characters and lifestyles. Buck was a prolific writer credited with authoring more than 100 books of fiction and nonfiction. She was also known by her Chinese name, Sai Zhenzhu, and she published some works under the pseudonym John Sedges.

Born Pearl Comfort Sydenstricker in Hillsboro, West Virginia on June 26, 1892, Buck was the child of Presbyterian missionary parents who were primarily stationed in China. She was educated in Chinese villages until the age of 14 when she was sent to boarding school in Shanghai. She returned to the United States to study at Randolph-Macon Woman's College in Lynchburg, Virginia where she earned a bachelor's degree in 1914. She received a MA in English from Cornell University in 1926 as well as an honorary MA from Yale University later in life.

With the exception of the one year Buck spent at Cornell University, Buck lived, wrote and taught in China, primarily in Nanking, from 1918 to 1934 when she left China permanently for the United States. She attained international fame upon the publication of her second novel The Good Earth in 1931. The Good Earth won the Pulitzer Prize for the Novel in 1932. Buck's impressive body of work earned her the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1938. According to the Nobel Prize Committee for Literature, Buck earned the prize "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces." She was the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature and continues to be the sole female recipient of both the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize to date.

Buck was also an influential humanitarian who campaigned on behalf of a wide variety of causes particularly those relating to international and interracial adoption. In 1949, Buck founded Welcome House, the first international, interracial, adoption agency in the United States. In 1964-65, Buck established Opportunity House, an organization designed to address the issues of poverty and discrimination faced by children in Asian countries. Buck died on March 6, 1973.

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