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   David Hamburg papers 1949-2003.

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); David Hamburg papers; Box and Folder; Carnegie Collections, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

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Summary Information

Abstract

David A. Hamburg Papers (1950 - 2004, 841 boxes) document life and work of David A. Hamburg, a scholar, public health expert and president of Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1982 to 1997, who helped improve the quality of life and education for young people and worked to prevent violent conflict among nations

At a Glance

Call No.:CA#0005
Bib ID:5419526 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Hamburg, David A., 1925-
Title:David Hamburg papers 1949-2003.
Physical description:353 linear ft. (836 document boxes, 5 flat boxes).
Language(s):In English
Access: This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least two business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. Boxes 612-615 contain patient records and are restricted until 2060.  More information »

Arrangement

Arrangement

Arranged in 14 series:

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Description

Scope and Content

The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, documents, minutes, reports, manuscripts, notes, calendars, photographs, audio recordings, awards and other realia and printed materials. The correspondence and memoranda are of various scientists and educators, public figures, leaders of organized philanthropy, government officials, board members and staff of various national, foreign and international organizations It relates to clinical and field research, policy development, administrative responsibilities, teaching, writing and speaking, performed by Dr. David Hamburg throughout his long and distinguished career.

Series I: Carnegie Corporation of New York

This series contains the materials relating to dr. Hamburg’s activities as a President of the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the title he assumed in 1982. His corporation files frequently contain earlier background material on various subjects, or fragments of his own earlier writings, which he edited and used as building blocks for subsequent projects. The files reflect five formal program areas, established by Carnegie Corporation : Avoiding Nuclear War (ANW); Education: Science, Technology and the Economy; Prevention of Damage to Children; Strengthening Human Resources in Developing Countries (HRDC); and Special Projects The materials in this series are closely related to the Carnegie Corporation of New York Records collection, held in the RBML. . For official records, such as Board of Trustees documents and grant information, please see the Carnegie Corporation of New York Records. In cases, when holdings, such as agenda books, or printed materials, duplicated between the two collections, the items, already held in the Carnegie Corporation of New York Records were weeded from the Hamburg papers.

Subseries I.1: Carnegie Corporation of New York Board Materials

The series contains chronologically arranged files related to the Board of Trustees meetings of the Carnegie Corporation of New York, including minutes, materials of Agenda Committee, Finance and Administration Committee, Executive Committee, Nomination Committee, and others), meeting preparation materials, background reading, and related correspondence, including some correspondence from the Corporation’s trustees. Box 15 contains notes and background materials for Hamburg's Presidential report to the Board. For official Board of Trustees documents please see the Carnegie Corporation of New York Records collection, Series I.A.3. The materials in Subseries I.1, duplicating the ones, already held in Carnegie Corporation Records Series I.A.3, have been discarded.

Subseries I.2: Carnegie Corporation of New York Trustees

The series contains lists of Carnegie Corporation of New York trustees, handbook and compensation information; mixed correspondence files, and individual files on trustees, arranged alphabetically by name. Additional information about these individuals can frequently be found in Individual Correspondence files in Series III.2. of this colelction and in Carnegie Corporation of New York Records collection, Series I.E.5 (Trustee Files).

Subseries I.3: Strengthening Human Resources in Developing Countries

Files relating to Strengthening Human Resources in Developing Countries (HRDC) program area, pursued by the Carnegie Corporation in 1983-1999, which was focused on leadership training for women and underprivilleged groups, supported pioneering research on prevention of maternal mortality, and contibuted to a more robust educational system by, for example, sponsoring the installation of first CD-Rom technologies at University libraries in Tanzania and Zimbabwe. The files include materials on Africa and, to a lesser extent, on other regions, and feature documents from organizations such as Council on Foreign Relations, World Health Organization, etc. Starting in 1986 the HRDC was chaired by the first staff member from Africa, Dr. Adetokunbo Lucas (Nigeria). Related materials can be found in the subseries I.4 (South Africa), as well as in documents from Carnegie Commission for Science, Technology and Development (CCSTG) materials, and Carnegie Commission for Preventing Deadly Conflict (CCPDC).

Subseries I.4: South Africa

Materials, relating to South Africa, during its period of transition away from the apartaid regime, generated in the course of such Carnegie Corporation projects as HRDC (See subseries I.3) and the Second Carnegie Inquiry into Poverty and Development in Southern Africa. The latter study, based at the University of Cape Town and conducted with participation from the network of scholars and professionals, community leaders, social workers and 20 universities, provided a rare opportunity for research, training, and leadership development for black Africans, and its findings and practical recommendations were widely disseminated. The follow-up to the study included “South Africa: The Cordoned Heart” photo exhibition, and Omar Badsha establishing Centre for Documentary Photography at the University of Cape Town Corporation’s grants made under HRDC rubric, led to Women’s Charter inclusion in new 1994 South African Constitution in 1994—Carnegie grantees Frene Ginwala became first female Speaker of the National Assembly of South African Parliament and Mamphela Ramphele, first black female Vice Chancellor in South Africa at University of Cape Town.

Subseries I.5: Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology and Government (CCSTG)

Materials on Carnegie Corporation sponsorship of projects related to the issues of science and technology, including Carnegie Commission for Science, Technology and Development. (See also the corresponding series IV.B of Carnegie Corporation of New York Records). The Series includes some Science Education files, however ESTE and other Science Education programs for children are filed in Subseries I.6 (Children and Youth). Science, Technology and Development materials relating to the commonwealth countries can be found in Subseries I.3 (HRDC). National Science Foundation and AAAS, as well as Jimmy Carter played active roles in these projects, so the correspondence files (Series III.B) with these organizations can provide additional materials on the subject.

Subseries I.6: Children and Youth

This series included chronologically arranged correspondence, proceedings, meeting minutes, notes and background materials from a number of Children and Youth programs undertaken by the CCNY under David Hamburg’s leadership, such as Carnegie Council for Adolescent Development (CCAD), Education and Healthy Development for Children and Youth (EHDCY), Prevention of Damage to Children , Education, Science Technology and the Economy(ESTE), Task Force for Learning in Primary Grades (TFLPG) and Middle Grade School State Policy Initiative. The series also contains correspondence and reports relating to Forum on Education and the Economy, and Project 2061 under the auspices of the American Association for Advancement of Science. The files document and discuss issues of health and public policy, prenatal development, families and communities, child abuse, aggression and violence, schools and educational programs. Materials frequently contain edits of Hamburg’s earlier writings, or refer to his related previous work for other institutions. For additional materials on science education see also Subseries I.5 (CCSTG). Official records of CCAD, TFLPG and other special projects by the Carnegie Corporations can be found in the corresponding subseries of the Carnegie Corporation of New York Records, Series IV.

Subseries I.7: Preventing Deadly Conflict (PDC)

Preventing Deadly Conflict (PDC) series documents the cluster of CCNY programs, relating to conflict prevention, including Avoiding Nuclear War (ANW) program, Cooperative Security Program, and Carnegie Commission for Preventing Deadly Conflict (CCPDC) of 1994-1999. ANW program on national security and weapons of mass destruction reintroduced and enlarged focus on Russia though reviving Russian policy studies in key US universities, and establishing new ties with think tanks and policy makers in U.S., Eastern and Western Europe and the Soviet Union. Related material can also be found in the Correspondence (Series III) of this collection and in the Carnegie Corporation of New York Y Records Series IV.A (CCPDC). The series includes pre-CCNY materials used as the basis for CCSTG, multi-year subject files through 1989, and collection of Hamburg STG-related talks and writings 1980-1989. The series contains correspondence, event handouts, Hamburg’s writing and speeches; materials from other organizations such as NAS, Stanford, Harvard, WHO, Pugwash, etc. It includes correspondence with Mikhail Gorbachev and other Soviet officials, US congressmen, such as Senators Nunn and Lugar, documents legislation and activity on nuclear arms reduction. Most materials specifically related to projects in USSR/Russia and the Eastern Bloc countries have been separated into Subseries I.8

Subseries I.8: Eastern Block

Materials relating to conflicts in/with Eastern Bloc Countries and assistance to them from various CCNY programs, including Avoiding Nuclear War, Cooperative Security, and partially Preventing Deadly Conflict (mostly covered in Series I.7). The Eastern Bloc subseries also documents Hamburg’s activities, writings and communications relating to the former Soviet Union and its Eastern European allies, the Carnegie Corporation’s sponsorship of work with these countries performed by other institutions, such as Harvard, Stanford, United Nations Association of the United States of America, Aspen Strategy Group, AAAS, IREX, IOM, and others. Materials on Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) are described in separate Series I.10.

Subseries I.9: General and Administrative

Internal memoranda, reports, notes, correspondence and other materials related to general administration of Carnegie Corporation of New York, grants, mixed program area materials, staffing and personnel issues etc. The subseries also contains correspondence relating to Hamburg assuming the presidency of Carnegie Corporation and his retirement from presidency.

Subseries I.10: Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC)

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) formed the Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) in 1980 as a permanent committee to bring the resources of the Academy to bear on critical problems of international security and arms control. CISAC’s security dialogues with Russia (since 1981) and China (since 1988) addressed technical and potentially sensitive issues in international security, arms control and disarmament. David Hamburg served on CISAC board during his tenure as the Carnegie Corporation president, and facilitated numerous “linkages” between CISAC and the Corporation’s efforts in avoiding nuclear war and preventing deadly conflict. The subseries has an overlap with Subseries I.7 (PDC) and I.8 (Eastern Bloc), particularly IOM/NAS/NRC/CISAC materials from 80s contain substantial amount of material relating to the USSR. NOTE: Be careful not to confuse Committee on International Security and Arms Control with Stanford's "CISAC" (Center for International Security and Arms Control, whose name was later changed to Center for International Security and Cooperation).

Series II: United States Government

The series pertains to Hamburg’s advisory work for various agencies from the executive branch of the U.S. Government. It contains correspondence with various government officials and the White House, minutes of meetings, research materials, recommendations and reports. The series initially contained a large number of printed official U.S. government documents, which are preserved and available elsewhere. These publications were discarded, unless they contained manuscript notes by Hamburg; only their title or front pages were retained in order to document the fact of their presence in the collection.

Subseries II.1: President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST)

David Hamburg served on President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology Policy (PCAST) within the Office of Science and Technology Policy, a part of the Executive Office of the President (EOP) of U.S. Government. The subseries contains materials on PCAST initiative on race, biodiversity initiative, Education Panel and Children's Initiative, memoranda to President Clinton, and reports to Vice-President Al Core, materials related to the National Science and Technology Council. OSTP files contain a substantial amount of CCSTG materials and reports; for additional CCSTG documents see the Carnegie Corporation of New York Series IV.B

Subseries II.2: Presidential Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses

Materials relating to Hamburg’s participation in Presidential Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans Illnesses, also within the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and part of the National Science and Technology Council. It includes background materials on stress and immunity from 1985-1996, and documents related to the CCSTG, PDC, and Children and Youth programs of Carnegie Corporation. The files are arranged chronologically.

Subseries II.3: Office of President Clinton

The subseries documents David Hamburg’s participation in Bill Clinton’s Transition Office in November 1992 through April 1993. It also contains materials relating to Hamburgs White House meetings of 1997-1999.

Subseries II.4: Secretary of Energy Advisory Board

The series contains the correspondence from the period of Hamburg’s service on the Department of Energy Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB).

Subseries II.5: Chief of Naval Operations Executive Panel

Hamburg served on a number of policy advisory boards in the international security field, including the Executive Panel for the Chief of Naval Operations. He was also a member of the Defense Policy Board of the Department of Defense under U. S. Secretary of Defense William J. Perry . The series contains correspondence, minutes of meetings, travel reports, printed matter.

Series III: Correspondence

Alphabetical correspondence files under individual or institutional names were maintained in many offices throughout Dr. Hamburg’s career. This is the record of Dr. Hamburg’s external correspondence in his various capacities. During his subsequent projects, he often took some of the files out of their original sequences, as he needed them, and added them to new filing systems, associated with his ongoing work. Restoring original order proved impossible, and all these correspondence files have been sorted into a single alphabetical sequence for Individuals (III.1) and another one for Institutions (III.2). From the later period, we have chronological correspondence as well (Series III.3).

Subseries III.1: Individuals

Series contain a mix of personal and professional correspondence with numerous scientists and educators, public figures, leaders of organized philanthropy, government officials, board members and staff of various national, foreign and international organizations, who corresponded with David Hamburg throughout his career. Many of the letters also include attachments, such as typescripts of works sent to Hamburg for his review, and other supplementary material. As indicated by folder titles, some files in the sequence contain small amounts of correspondence with several individuals, whose names are in the same alphabetical range.

Subseries III.2: Institutions

Contains external correspondence files with various institutions, such as universities, U.S. Government and U.N. agencies, academic and professional societies, non-profit organizations, The material in these files is often closely related to the one, in correspondence files for individuals, who were affiliated with these institutions (Series III.1). Several files in this sequence were found to be based not on institutions, but rather subjects, such as “Mental Health.” “VelHam” (integrated into the other Velikhov project materials in the Series I.8.C. of this collection).

Subseries III.3: Chronological

The series contains miscellaneous correspondence in original chronological order.

Series IV: Stanford University

Correspondence, writings and speeches, meeting minutes, research data, marked-up background material, academic conference presentations, and student projects dated from 1951-1999 relating to HAMBURG's work at Stanford as a faculty member (since 1961), his work on non-human primates (NHP) there, his work on the SU Board of Trustees and the SU-Institute for International Studies Board of Visitors, and the Human Biology Middle Grades Curriculum Project. Of note is the correspondence with Jane Goodall and other NHP researchers in Gombe, and materials on late 1960s higher education controversies at Stanford and elsewhere. Series organized into five subseries, material within subseries is organized chronologically. See also the Commonwealth Fund correspondence file in Series III.2 (supported much of Hamburg’s research in early 1970s).

Subseries IV.1: Faculty Materials

The series consists of correspondence, memoranda, notes, drafts, teaching materials, typescripts, students’ projects and dissertations, and research materials, documenting Hamburg’s teaching and administrative career at Stanford’s Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, serving as Reed-Hodgson Professor of Human Biology, and as chair of psychiatry at Stanford University School of Medicine. At the School of Medicine Hamburg established a new department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, distinguished by its breadth of research on behavioral biology, especially in relation to mental illness. The series also documents his collaboration with Dr. Jonas Salk, participation in NIMH Research Task Force, and work on IOM program committee ( not to be confused with Hamburg’s later IOM tenure)

Subseries IV.2: Non-Human Primate Research

The series consists of correspondence, memoranda, notes, conference presentations, primates. Box 440 formerly contained 10 reel-to-reel audio tapes of a Hamburg-Goodall presentation during the Burg Wartenstein Conference #62 (August 20-28, 1974), "The Behavior of Great Apes" organized by David Hamburg and Jane Goodall These audio recordings are now available in digital format. The NPR files document in detail the 1975 incident in Gombe, Tanzania, when for of his students, studying primate behavior under the direction of Jane Goodall were abducted by armed rebels, and Hamburg spent 10 weeks negotiating their release. The series also contained oversize blueprints for Stanford Primate Facility, and chimpanzee photographs, separated to Series XI.

Subseries IV.3: Board of Trustees

The series contains correspondence, general trustees’ mailings, meeting minutes, reports, and other materials relating to the activities of the Stanford Board of Trustees. David Hamburg was a member and a vice-chairman of the Board from 1988 to 1995.

Subseries IV.4: Human Biology Materials

As the chair of psychiatry at Stanford University School of Medicine David Hamburg helped to found The Program in Human Biology. The series contains correspondence, notes, and typescripts relating to establishing the original Stanford University curriculum on human biology, and relating to a later Human Biology Middle Grades Curriculum Project, an attempt at adaptation of the SU Human Biology program to the middle school level. The Human Biology Middle Grades Curriculum Project also contains materials and writings on Puberty and Adolescence.

Subseries IV.5: Background Materials

Third-party typescript materials and various printed matter, frequently underlined or with Dr. Hamburg’s notes, and used as a basis of his later works. The majority of files are related to Hamburg’s activities as a member of Stanford faculty and administration, however the series also contains background materials on primate research, human biology and adolescence, and background materials received by Hamburg as a Board of Trustees member.

Series V: Institute of Medicine (IOM)

Materials dating from 1967 to 1982 relating to Hamburg's work as president of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in Washington DC. Materials in the IOM series relate to Hamburg's time as IOM President, 1975-1980, and his later correspondence as IOM member, but not to his collaboration with IOM as the Carnegie Corporation President, such as CISAC (documented in the grant files of the Carnegie Corporation of New York records and in Carnegie Corporation of New York series of this collection). The series contains general background, working papers, memoranda relating to various public health and health policy issues of the late 1970s. Also contains materials relating to the history and organization of the Institute of Medicine. Series organized into two sub-series: general/chronological and background; sub-series are organized chronologically.

Series VI: Harvard

From 1980 to 1983, Hamburg served as director of the university-wide Division of Health Policy Research and Education and John D. MacArthur Professor of Health Policy at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. The series consists some earlier contacts with Harvard initial correspondence and appointment, miscellaneous policy proposals, co-written with Elena Nightingale, and.applying a cross-disciplinary approach to health policy issues. Also included is Hamburg’s correspondence with MacArthur Foundation relating to his appointment as the John D. MacArthur Professor of Health Policy. The series also contains correspondence, proceedings and handouts from various events in Harvard, in which Hamburg participated, after he left Harvard employment.

Series VII: Board and Advisory Work

Series consists of meeting minutes, correspondence, reports, memoranda, and printed materials related to the policy decisions of various organizations, where David Hamburg was involved for short-time projects, in advisory capacity or as a trustee. His work for US government and for United Nations agencies is not part of this series; it was processed as separate Series II and Series IX respectively. For more information on Dr. Hamburg’s acitivies related to these institutions, see their correspondence files in Series III.2; for Pocantico Institute of Technology see also the correspondence files for its sponsors, Harvard University John F. Kennedy School of Government and the Rockefeller Foundation. Additional activities related to NIMH are documented in the Stanford series.

Series VIII: Early Career

Materials dated from 1941-1961 relating to Hamburg's work as a clinical and research psychiatrist at Walter Read Medical Center, Michael Reese Hospital, and NIMH prior to Stanford appointment. Of particular interest is the body of notes, memos, and papers relating to the NIMH research, which sheds light not only on Hamburg's biography but also on the history of medicine, especially psychiatric research practices, in the mid-20th century US. Series includes also background materials on mid-century medical and social science, and notes on patients which will be sealed for 50 years. Series organized into four subseries: General/Chronological, background, NIMH r esearch, and patient files to be sealed; sub-series are organized chronologically, except the backround, which is thematically organized, and follows Hamburg's reference sub categories put in chronological order

Series IX: United Nations

The series contains meeting minutes, correspondence, research materials and subject files documenting Hamburg’s work in international organizations on a variety of health, behavior, education and conflict resolution subjects. The agencies include UNESCO, several World Health Organization Committees (Advisory Committee on Medical Research, Pan American Committee on Health Research Policies, Research and Training in Tropical Diseases), and Office of the UN High Commissioner on Refugees, including Refugee Education Trust project. For additional information see also Institutonal Correspondence (Sereis III.2) for these institutions, particularly ms. boxes 386-388.

Series X: Writings and Speeches

Series contains Dr. Hamburg's remarks, speeches, articles, and books, CVs, Lists of Publications and presentations, reprints, and related materials. Since Hamburg tended to consult and reuse his previous works on later occasions, many older writings are grouped together with newer works that are based on them, and, occasionally, with other background materials. Many articles are undated and/or fragmentary. Some of Hamburg's writings are found in Alpha Files when associated with a person or institution, or under specific project/subject area, or in the institution-based series of the years corresponding to this period.

Subseries X.1: Education for Conflict Resolution (ECR) Books

The series contains Chapter drafts, research material and related correspondence for Hamburg's two books on conflict resolution: Learning to Live Together and No More Killing Fields (sometimes called “Book I” and “Book II” or by its draft title Earth is Not Flat ); Closely related to PDC materials in series I.7 and other conflict resolution writings during Hamburg’s tenure as the Carnegie Corporation president. The series contains some speeches, presentations, etc. given based on book drafts.

Subseries X.2: Children and Youth

The series consists of materials assembled in the course of working on the book Today's Children, predominantly notes, marked-up copies of Hamburg’s earlier writings, chapter drafts, correspondence related to publication and distribution of the book.

Subseries X.3: General

Extensive collection of published and unpublished essays, speeches, lectures, magazine articles, reports, and research papers by David Hamburg, including many fragmentary or undated items. Arranged in loose chronological order, except for the cases when a set of writings on related subjects was deliberately kept together by Hamburg. Also includes Hamburg’s cumulative lists of works and presentations, and his CVs over the years.

Series XI: Biographical Files

This series contains various materials relating to dr. Hamburg’s life and work, but not specifically pertaining to any given project or organization.

Subseries XI.1: Personal

Series consists of calendars, notebooks, documents, cumulative lists of works, personal correspondence, and materials relating to professional activities of David Hamburg’s wife and two children. Also includes a box of personal correspondence related to his Carnegie Corporation presidency.

Subseries X.2: Emeritus

This series consists of the files, representing mix of personal and professional and activities after retiring from active role at the Carnegie Corporation. The materials include correspondence, transcript of Oral History interview, autobiographical notes, typescript of memoirs, invitations and materials relating to various conferences, receptions and awards, Hamburg’s participation and support of numerous projects on public health and conflict prevention.

Series XII: Background Research Materials

Subject files of clippings and printed materials All subseries with "Background" in the title contain outside published materials (books, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, reports etc.); and 3rd party unpublished writings (conference papers; other writings not clearly directly done for CCNY) related to whatever series they are connected to. Most large series have their own "background" subseries, though in some "background" is included-- this will be noted in the contents description. Some "background" materials that are included in folders with other memos, notes, etc. will appear in the main series. Some material in "background" series include marginal reading notes or very brief coverletters.

Series XIII: Audiovisual Materials

This small series, described on folder and item level, consists of photographs, slide and transparencies, audio, video, and digital materials from David Hamburg collection. Audio and video materials primarily represent conference presentations and addresses, many of them were digitized for preservation and access purposes, including reel-to-reel audio tapes of a Hamburg-Goodall presentation during the Burg Wartenstein Conference #62 "The Behavior of Great Apes" organized by David Hamburg and Jane Goodall in August of 1974.

Series XIV: Realia

Medals, plaques and framed award certificates given to David Hamburg by various organizations over the course of his career.

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Using the Collection

Offsite

Access Restrictions

 This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least two business days in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

      offsite requestMore information and link to off-site request form

Boxes 612-615 contain patient records and are restricted until 2060.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Curator of the Carnegie Collection, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (RBML). The RBML approves permission to publish that which it physically owns; the responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); David Hamburg papers; Box and Folder; Carnegie Collections, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Selected Related Material at Columbia

Carnegie Corporation of New York Records

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Papers processed 2009-2012 Jane Gorjevsky, Alyssa Meyers, Gania Barlow, Elizabeth Bonnette, Oliver Batham, Timothy Donahue, Brianna Gibson and Kevin Johnson

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion November 9, 2012 Finding aid written in English.
    2012-11-09 File created.

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

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Genre/Form

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Photographs.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Carnegie Council on Children.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Carter, Jimmy, 1924-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Child development.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Clinton, Bill, 1946-.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Clinton, Hillary Rodham.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Education--Africa, Sub-Saharan.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Education--United States.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Goodall, Jane, 1934-.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931-.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Gregorian, Vartan.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Hamburg, David A., 1925-PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Harvard University. Division of Health Policy Research and Education.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Institute of Medicine (U.S.)PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
International relations--Research.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
National Academies (U.S.). National Academy of Sciences.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
OccupationPortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Science--Study and teaching.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Social sciences--Research.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
South Africa.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Stanford University.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
United Nations.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
United States--Social policy.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Born in 1925 in Evansville, Indiana, David Alan Hamburg attended Indiana University and its medical school, receiving his M.D. in 1947. In the 1950s, Hamburg, a psychiatrist, distinguished himself as a pioneering investigator of stress and anxiety beginning at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D.C. (1952-53) and then at the Institute for Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research and Training at the Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago (1953-56). Hamburg continued his research at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, CA. As chair of psychiatry at Stanford University School of Medicine, Hamburg established a new department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, distinguished by its breadth of research on behavioral biology, especially in relation to mental illness. While chief of the adult psychiatry branch at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 1958-61), he created one of the nation's first clinical research centers to combine psychological and biological factors in studying depression.

In 1975, while serving as Reed-Hodgson Professor of Human Biology at Stanford (1972-76), Hamburg was confronted with a crisis that would re-direct his focus from psychiatric research to contemporary social problems. Four of Hamburg’s students, studying primate behavior under the direction of Jane Goodall at a remote research station in Gombe, Tanzania, were abducted by armed rebels from Zaire (now Congo) and held for ransom and other demands. Hamburg immediately flew to Gombe and spent 10 weeks negotiating their release.

His vivid exposure to violence, disease and poverty during this time prompted him to devote his energies to using science to help meet social needs. In 1975 he became president of the Institute of Medicine, the health policy arm of the National Academy of Sciences, where he developed major initiatives on health and behavior, health promotion and disease prevention, and the health needs of the underserved as well as developing nations. From 1980 to 1983, Hamburg served as director of the university-wide Division of Health Policy Research and Education and John D. MacArthur Professor of Health Policy at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA., applying his signature cross-disciplinary approach to health policy issues.

After David Hamburg became president of Carnegie Corporation of New York in December 1982, the Corporation sought to mobilize the best scientific and scholarly talent and thinking to address contemporary issues from early childhood to international relations, using a comprehensive inter-disciplinary approach.

During Hamburg’s tenure as president, the Corporation placed a priority on the education and healthy development of children and adolescents and the preparation of youth for a scientific, technological and knowledge-driven world. Three major study groups were formed to cover the educational and developmental needs of children and youth from birth to age 15: the Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development (1986), the Carnegie Task Force on Meeting the Needs of Young Children (1991), and the Carnegie Task Force on Learning in the Primary Grades (1994). Jointly with the Rockefeller Foundation, Carnegie Corporation also financed the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future, whose report, What Matters Most (1996), provided a framework and agenda for teacher education reform across the country. Characteristically these study groups drew on the knowledge generated by the previous Carnegie grant programs and from relevant fields and inspired follow up grantmaking to implement the recommendations. At that time David Hamburg also chaired the Forum on Adolescence, a joint effort of the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council to assess adolescent health and development.

In 1984, the Corporation established the Carnegie Commission on Education and the Economy. Through its major publication, A Nation Prepared (1986), the foundation reaffirmed the role of the teacher as the "best hope" for ensuring educational excellence in elementary and secondary education. An outgrowth of that report was the establishment, a year later, of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards to consider ways of attracting able candidates to the teaching profession and recognizing and retaining them. At the Corporation's initiative, the American Association for the Advancement of Science issued two groundbreaking reports, Science for All Americans (1989) and Benchmarks for Science Literacy (1993), which recommended a common core of learning in science, mathematics, and technology for all citizens and helped set national standards of achievement in these domains.

Hamburg introduced an entirely new focus for the Corporation --- the danger to world peace posed by the superpower confrontation and weapons of mass destruction. The foundation underwrote scientific study of the feasibility of the proposed federal Strategic Defense Initiative and joined the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation in supporting the analytic work of a new generation of arms control and nuclear nonproliferation experts. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Corporation grants helped promote the concept of cooperative security among erstwhile adversaries and projects to build democratic institutions in the former Soviet Union and central Europe. An important undertaking was the Prevention of Proliferation Task Force, coordinated under a grant to the Brookings Institution, which inspired the Nunn–Lugar Amendment to the Soviet Threat Reduction Act of 1991 aimed at dismantling Soviet nuclear weapons and reducing proliferation risks. Beginning in the mid-1990s, the Corporation addressed the problems of interethnic and regional conflict and supported projects seeking to diminish the risks of a wider war stemming from civil strife. Two Carnegie commissions, one on Reducing the Nuclear Danger (1990), the other on Preventing Deadly Conflict (1994), together addressed the full range of dangers associated with human conflict and the use of weapons of mass destruction. The Corporation's thrust in Commonwealth Africa, meanwhile, shifted to women’s health and leadership development and the application of science and technology, including new information systems, in fostering research and expertise within indigenous scientific institutions and universities.

Under Hamburg, dissemination achieved even greater primacy in the arsenal of strategic philanthropy. Emphasis was on consolidation and diffusion of the best available knowledge from social science and education research and the use of such research in improving social policy and practice. Major partners in these endeavors were leading institutions that had the capability to influence public thought and action. Hamburg made increasing use of the Corporation’s powers to convene leaders and experts across disciplinary and sectoral boundaries to forge policy consensus and promote collaboration.

In the international security field, Hamburg served on many policy advisory boards, including the Executive Panel for the Chief of Naval Operations, the National Academy of Sciences Committee on International Security and Arms Control, and the U.S.-Soviet Joint Study Group on Crisis Prevention. He was a member of the Defense Policy Board of the Department of Defense and co-chair, with Cyrus Vance, of the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict. In 2006, Hamburg was appointed by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan to chair the UN Advisory Committee on Genocide Prevention.

In science policy, he chaired several national groups, including committees and advisory boards of the Institute of Medicine, National Institute of Mental Health, and the National Science Foundation. From 1976 to 1988, he served on the Advisory Committee on Medical Research of the World Health Organization. He was president and board chair of the American Association for the Advancement of Science from 1984 to 1986. The Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government (1988-1993), recommended ways that government at all levels could make more effective use of science and technology in their operations and policies. In 1994, Hamburg was appointed to the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology, and in 1996, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor.

From his background in public health, he brought a preventive orientation to serious problems. Across all of these programs, the common thread, said Hamburg, is the "prevention of rotten outcomes." Hamburg believed that "from child and adolescent development to international relations, the underlying logic is the same: Prevention begins with anticipation, even with long-range foresight, in which research can identify risk factors and point to steps that can be taken to counteract or avoid an undesirable outcome, and pivotal institutions can cooperate in shaping behavior away from risk factors and dangerous directions."

Hamburg served on the boards of Rockefeller University, the Mount Sinai Medical Center, and the American Museum of Natural History, New York City; and the Johann Jacobs Foundation, Zurich. He was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, as well as author of numerous books and scholarly articles.

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