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   John B. Oakes Papers, 1912-2005

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John B. Oakes Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

At a Glance

Bib ID:5505398 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Oakes, John B. (John Bertram), 1913-2001.
Title:John B. Oakes Papers, 1912-2005
Physical description:52.50 linear ft. (ca. 23,000 items in 115 boxes and 10 flat boxes)
Language(s):In English
Access: The following boxes are located off-site: 5-113. You will need to request this material from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. This collection has no restrictions.  More information »

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is arranged into 8 series:

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Description

Scope and Content

Correspondence, manuscripts, speeches, scrapbooks, and printed materials of John B. Oakes, a prominent journalist and editor, who for many years editied the New York Times editorial page.

Series I: Cataloged Correspondence

Series II: Arranged Correspondence

Subseries II.1: Personal Correspondence Special Files

Subseries II.2: New York Times Correspondence

Subseries II.3: New York Times Op-Ed Correspondence

Subseries II.4: General Correspondence

Subseries II.5: Personal Correspondence

Subseries II.6: Family and Personal

Subseries II.7: Correspondence and Interview

Accession 2005.2006.M049

Series III: Arranged Subject Files

Subseries III.1: New York Times General Files

Subseries III.2: Biographical Material: Education

Subseries III.3: Biographical Material: Military Service

Subseries III.4: Biographical Material: Documents, Diaries, Datebooks, and Notebooks

Subseries III.5: Biographical Material: Photographs and ID Cards

Subseries III.6: Clubs, Awards, Honors, Etc.

Subseries III.7: Family Papers

Subseries III.8: Family Papers: Ochs/Talimer Papers

Series IV: Writings

Subseries IV.1: New York Times Op-Ee Articles and Responces

Subseries IV.2: Editorial Books

Subseries IV.3: Printed

Subseries IV.4: Foreign Travel and Related Article

Subseries IV.5: Book Reviews and Opinon

Subseries IV.6: Rhodes Sscholar Essays

Subseries IV.7: Interviews/Research For Writings

Subseries IV.8: JBO The New York Times Magazine Articles

Series V: Speeches and Memorials

Series V.1: Subjects

Series V.2: Chronological

Subseries V.3: Memorials and Obituaries

Series VI: Printed Material

Subseries VI.1: Magazines

Subseries VI.2: Unsorted Clippings

Subseries VI.3: Books and Magazines

Subseries VI.4: Writings Of Others

Series VII: Scrapbooks

Subseries VII.1: Regular Size

Subseries VII.2: Oversize Scrapbooks

Series VIII: Related Material

Subseries VIII.1: Oakes Material In Other Archives

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Using the Collection

Partially Offsite

Access Restrictions

 The following boxes are located off-site: 5-113. You will need to request this material from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

      offsite requestMore information and link to off-site request form

This collection has no restrictions.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Curator of Manuscripts/University Archivist, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (RBML). The RBML approves permission to publish that which it physically owns; the responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John B. Oakes Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Papers processed 11/2005 Alyssa Nicole Meyers

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion June 26, 2009 Finding aid written in English.
    2010-02-18 Legacy finding aid created from Pro Cite.

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Journalists.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
New York Times Company.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Newspaper editors.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Newspaper publishing.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Newspapers--Sections, columns, etc.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Personal name.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

John B. Oakes, journalist, editor, and environmentalist was born in Philadelphia in 1913 to George Washington Ochs-Oakes and Bertie Gans Ochs. He attended Princeton University and studied at Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar. Following graduation, he started as a reporter on the Trenton Times and the Trenton State Gazette, and in 1937, joined the staff of the Washington Post as a police reporter, but quickly moved to covering both houses of Congress. He was drafted into the Army in 1941 and served in the Office of Strategic Services as a member of a team controlling German double agents in Europe. For this work, John Oakes received the Bronze Star, the Croix de Guerre and the Order of the British Empire. On his return to the United States in 1945, he married Margery Hartman and took a position with the New York Times, of which his uncle, Adolph Ochs, was owner and publisher. He started as a reporter and writer for the “Review of the Week” section of the Times and rose to the position of editor. In 1949, John Oakes joined the Editorial Board of the New York Times, where he became known for his interest in civil and human rights, environmentalism, and his opposition to McCarthyism and the Vietnam War. He succeeded Charles Merz as editor of the editorial page in 1961, winning the George Polk Award in 1966. He proposed and oversaw the creation of the New York Times Op-Ed page in 1970, which was the first contemporary Op-Ed page in the nation, featuring signed opinion columns designed to run opposite the paper's official (and unsigned) editorials. He was forced to leave his position as editor of the editorial page in 1976 over a dispute concerning the Times' endorsement of Daniel Patrick Moynihan in the Democratic primary; the publisher, Arthur Hayes Sulzberger, endorsed Moynihan over Oakes's objections. He continued as a contributor to the Op-Ed page into the mid-1990s, particularly focusing on environmental issues.

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