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   Robert K. Merton Papers, 1928-2003 [Bulk Dates: 1943-2001].

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Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Robert K. Merton Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

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Series VI: Studies and Projects, 1935-1997

This series provides a framework for understanding key sociological studies and projects conducted by Merton in the mid-twentieth century. Project documentation includes analyses of publications, general surveys, and proposed project topics. Study materials, which comprise the bulk of the series, cover Merton's early sociological pursuits, mainly while he was involved with the Bureau of Applied Social Research at Columbia University. Of note are original interviews, questionnaires, and journals of study participants, which provide an unfiltered look at American social thought and attitude regarding social and cultural issues, education, and careers. These are particularly evidenced in the Ethnic Opinionnaires completed in the 1940s. The records also reflect the evolution of Merton's studies into larger bodies of work, such as publications and conferences. This series is particularly important as it illuminates early social research methodology. A good portion of the records include notes, proposals for funding, drafts of questionnaires, and memoranda related to execution of studies. The studies were also used in Merton's courses and seminars at Columbia University as a means of teaching sociology students about research practices.

Major studies reflected in Series VI include the Housing study, the Manhattanville project, the Expert study, the study of Medical Education and the Eisenhower mail study. The Housing study analyzed a mixed race public housing community and Merton used these findings to examine social concepts, such as friendship, from a sociological perspective. Several publications derived from the study, most notably Patterns of Social Life: Explorations in the Sociology of Housing, are represented in the series. The Manhattanville project was conducted in the early 1950s and records consist of extensive interviews with members of the Manhattanville neighborhood in New York. These interviews were used to determine the community's occupational aspirations and success models. This study relied heavily on participant interviews and observation and detailed transcripts and field reports are contained here. The Expert study focused on several separate case studies to understand the utilization of social sciences and scientists in business and government. The study evolved into several published works, which are represented in the series. The Sociological Study of Medical Education records include interviews and journals from students in medical programs at Cornell, University of Pennsylvania and Western Reserve. Material also includes codebooks, correspondence, and memoranda related to the study. Of note is a folder titled: 'Analysis of Material for Concept Formation.' These are items from the study compiled by Merton many years later and examined for early usage of concepts and phrases, such as role model. Additional material regarding publications from this study are located in Subseries VII.3. The Eisenhower mail study was an attempt by Merton, Joan Goldhamer, and other Bureau of Applied Social Research affiliates to analyze approximately 20,000 letters, postcards and telegrams received by General Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1948 urging him to become candidate for the presidency of the United States. Midway through the project, Eisenhower's team asked the Bureau to abandon the study, giving no explanation. In 1998 Joan Goldhamer published a follow up article entitled "General Eisenhower in academe: A clash of perspectives and a study suppressed." Contained in this series are unpublished documents related to the original mail study, including transcripts of a meeting between Merton and Eisenhower, memoranda, correspondence, and initial drafts. Items pertaining to the revival of the study include correspondence and Goldhamer's drafts containing Merton's edits.

Series VI is arranged alphabetically by name of study or project

Adlai Stevenson Mass Mail Project (aborted), 1953-1954

Box 196
Folder 5
American Sociological Review Analysis, circa
1965

Box 352
Folder 1
Bell Telephone Study, 1948-1956

Box 196
Folder 6
Center for the Social Sciences--American Author Surveys,
1980
(3 Folders)
Box 196
Folder 7-9
Center for the Social Sciences--American Author Surveys,
1980
(6 Folders)

Box 197
Folder 1-6
Center for the Social Sciences--American Author Surveys,
1980
(6 Folders)

Box 198
Folder 1-6
Center for the Social Sciences--American Author Surveys,
1980
(2 Folders)

Box 199
Folder 1-2
Conditions Attendant on the Closing of Intake by Transient Bureaus,
1935
Box 199
Folder 3
Dictionary of National Biography Analyses
General,
1958
(3 Folders)

Box 352
Folder 2-4
Philosophical Transactions,
undated
Box 352
Folder 5
Dictionary of Urban Data Project,
1946
Box 352
Folder 6
Edward Condon Study--"Trial by Newspaper,"
1949

Box 199
Folder 4
Eisenhower Mail Study
Code,
1948
Box 199
Folder 5
Conversation with Dwight D. Eisenhower,
1949
Box 199
Folder 6
Correspondence
IBM,
1949
Box 199
Folder 7
and Memoranda, 1948-1950
(3 Folders)
Box 199
Folder 8-10
Drafts,
1949
Box 199
Folder 11
Drafts,
1949

Box 200
Folder 1
Revival of Study
Correspondence,
1969,
1981-1993
(2 Folders)
Box 200
Folder 3-4
"General Eisenhower in Academe: A Clash of Perspectives and a Study Suppressed" by Joan Goldhamer
Correspondence, 1995-1997
Box 200
Folder 5
Drafts and Edits, 1985-1996
(2 Folders)
Box 200
Folder 6-7
Notes,
1992
Box 200
Folder 8
Research Materials, 1982-1992
(2 Folders)
Box 200
Folder 9-10
Summary and Digest,
1949
Box 200
Folder 2
Ethnic Opinionnaires
Completed Surveys, circa
1938
(3 Folders)

Box 201
Folder 1-3
"Facts and Factitiousness in Ethnic Opinionnaires," 1940-1953
Box 201
Folder 4
Questionnaires and Effect on Research,
1943
(3 Folders)
Box 201
Folder 5-7
Rapport in Use of Opinionnaire,
1943,
undated
Box 201
Folder 8
Expert Study
General, 1947-1948
(2 Folders)
Box 201
Folder 9-10
AT&T
General,
1949
(2 Folders)
Box 201
Folder 11-12
"Applied Social Research and Business decisions: A Preliminary Case Report,"
1951
Box 201
Folder 13
Correspondence, 1949-1956
Box 201
Folder 14
Correspondence, 1949-1956

Box 202
Folder 1
Criteria,
1949
Box 202
Folder 2
Employee Survey,
1948
Box 202
Folder 3
Interviews with Staff, 1946-1949
Box 202
Folder 4
Presentation of Research Findings,
1950
Box 202
Folder 5
Smith, C.T.,
1955
Box 202
Folder 6
Sociology Workshop, 1964-1970
(3 Folders)
Box 202
Folder 7-9
"Some Factors Affecting the Initiation of Applied Social Research," circa
1940s
Box 202
Folder 10
The Role of Social Research in Business Administration: A Case Study Based Primarily Upon the >1930-1949 Experience of the Opinion Research Section of the Chief Statistician's Division of AT&T (with E.C. Devereux, Jr.)--Drafts and Working Papers, circa
1950s
(8 Folders)

Box 203
Folder 1-8
The Role of Social Research in Business Administration: A Case Study Based Primarily Upon the 1930-1949 Experience of the Opinion Research Section of the Chief Statistician's Division of AT&T (with E.C. Devereux, Jr.)--Drafts and Working Papers, circa
1950s

Box 204
Folder 1
Background Research Material, circa
1940s
(2 Folders)
Box 204
Folder 2-3
Budget, 1949-1950
Box 204
Folder 4
Carnegie Corporation
Correspondence and Reports, 1948-1953
Box 204
Folder 5
Grant, 1948-1949
Box 204
Folder 6
Conference on the Expert and Applied Social Science,
1948
Box 204
Folder 7
Correspondence
A, 1948-1949
Box 204
Folder 8
B,
1950
Box 204
Folder 9
C, 1946-1948
Box 204
Folder 10
D-F, 1949-1951
Box 204
Folder 11
Hatt, Paul, 1948-1949
Box 204
Folder 12
J-M, 1948-1949
Box 204
Folder 13
P, 1948-1949
Box 204
Folder 14
R-Z, 1948-1949
Box 204
Folder 15
"The Expert in Applied Social Science," 1943-1948
(3 Folders)
Box 204
Folder 16-18
"The Expert in Applied Social Science," 1943-1948

Box 205
Folder 1
Form Letters, 1948-1949
Box 205
Folder 2
Index of Material,
1948
Box 205
Folder 3
Interview--Glock, Charles,
1948
Box 205
Folder 4
Market Research Council,
1949
Box 205
Folder 5
Meeting Notes,
1948
Box 205
Folder 6
Memoranda
General, 1948-1949
(4 Folders)
Box 205
Folder 7-10
Devereux, E.C.,
1949
Box 205
Folder 11
Hatt, Paul,
1948
Box 205
Folder 12
Office of War Information
Anti-Inflation Study, 1942-1944
(2 Folders)
Box 205
Folder 13-14
Interviews--Tentative Outline,
1948
Box 205
Folder 15
Summary Memoranda,
1948
Box 205
Folder 16
Panel of Experts, 1950-1951

Box 206
Folder 1
Panel of Research Directors,
1951
Box 206
Folder 2
Public Opinion Polls
American Association of Public Opinion Research,
1949
Box 206
Folder 3
Background Research Material,
1948
Box 206
Folder 4
Editor Poll, 1948-1949
Box 206
Folder 7
"Election Polling Forecasts and Public Images of Social Science"--Notes and Drafts,
1949
(2 Folders)
Box 206
Folder 5-6
Memoranda,
1947
Box 206
Folder 8
Replies from Editors, 1948-1949
(3 Folders)
Box 206
Folder 9-11
Puerto Rican Population, 1948-1949

Box 207
Folder 1
Requests, 1948-1953
Box 207
Folder 2
Social Science Research Council,
1947
Box 207
Folder 3
Transcription,
1949
Box 207
Folder 4
Utilization of Applied Social Research,
1949
Box 207
Folder 5
Finance Attitude Study,
1948
Box 207
Folder 6
Handbook on the Drafting of Sociological Studies, 1946-1971
(3 Folders)

Box 352
Folder 7-9
Harvard Business School Study, 1961-1962
Box 352
Folder 10
Hours Spent on Community Activity in Decatur,
undated

Box 207
Folder 7
Housing Study
General, 1945-1954
Box 207
Folder 8
General,
undated

Box 352
Folder 11
Addison Terrace
Card Design,
1953,
undated

Box 207
Folder 9
Code Book,
1947
(2 Folders)
Box 207
Folder 10-11
"The Analysis of Community Researchers,"
1947
Box 207
Folder 12
Charts,
undated
Box 207
Folder 13
Citizens' Housing Council of New York, Inc., 1946-1950
Box 207
Folder 14
Commission on Race and Housing, 1956-1957
Box 207
Folder 15
Community Ethos, undated,
1950
(2 Folders)
Box 207
Folder 16-17
Correspondence
General,
1947
Box 207
Folder 18
Wurster, Catherine Bauer, 1948-1951
Box 207
Folder 19
Craftown
and Hilltown--Detailed Descriptions, circa
1947
Box 207
Folder 20
and Winfield--Memoranda and Drafts, 1945-1946
(5 Folders)

Box 208
Folder 1-5
File Index,
undated
Box 208
Folder 6
Friendship
General, circa
1950s
(3 Folders)
Box 208
Folder 7-9
Background Research,
undated
Box 208
Folder 10
Card Design,
undated
Box 208
Folder 11
Cross Currents, 1952-1966

Box 209
Folder 1
Drafts,
1945
Box 209
Folder 2
Memoranda, 1944-1952
Box 209
Folder 3
Tables and Notes, 1952-1955
(2 Folders)
Box 209
Folder 4-5
Interim Report,
1946
Box 209
Folder 6
Isolates Tables,
undated
Box 209
Folder 7
Lavanburg Foundation
Budget, 1945-1947
Box 209
Folder 8
Correspondence, 1944-1961
(2 Folders)
Box 209
Folder 9-10
Report,
1949

Box 210
Folder 1
Notes
General, circa
1945
(2 Folders)
Box 210
Folder 2-3
Race Relations,
1949
Box 210
Folder 4
Patterns of Social Life: Explorations in the Sociology of Housing (with Patricia S. West and Marie Jahoda)
Annotated Typescript,
1948
(5 Folders)
Box 210
Folder 5-9
Annotated Typescript,
1948
(9 Folders)

Box 211
Folder 1-9
Annotated Typescript,
1948
(2 Folders)

Box 212
Folder 1-2
Correspondence and Edits, 1968-1987

Box 352
Folder 12
Drafts
General, 1946-1949,
undated
(8 Folders)

Box 212
Folder 3-10
General, 1946-1949,
undated
(10 Folders)

Box 213
Folder 1-10
General, 1946-1949,
undated
(7 Folders)

Box 214
Folder 1-7
and Memoranda,
undated
Box 214
Folder 8
and Memoranda,
undated

Box 215
Folder 1
Table of Contents,
undated
Box 215
Folder 2
Reference Material, 1939-1943
Box 215
Folder 3
Requests for Copies, 1961-1978
Box 215
Folder 4
"Selected Problems of Field Work in the Planned Community,"
1946
Box 215
Folder 5
"Social Fictions and Social Facts: The Dynamics of Race Relations in Hilltown,"
1949
(2 Folders)
Box 215
Folder 6-7
"The Social Psychology of Housing,"
1948
Box 215
Folder 8
Training Guide,
undated
(3 Folders)
Box 215
Folder 9-11
Training Guide,
undated
(2 Folders)

Box 216
Folder 1-2
Winfield
General,
1945
Box 216
Folder 3
Card Design,
undated
Box 216
Folder 4
Code Book, 1945-1946
(5 Folders)
Box 216
Folder 5-9
Questionnaires, 1945-1946
Box 216
Folder 10
Human Relations Area Files, Inc.--Cross Cultural Survey, 1948-1953
Box 216
Folder 11
Kikuchi Diary Study, 1947-1950

Box 217
Folder 1
LIFE Magazine Ubiquity Study, 1947-1948
Box 217
Folder 2
Manhattanville Project
General, 1946-1950
(3 Folders)
Box 217
Folder 3-5
Audio Recording--Hogrefe,
1949
(Audograph Electronic Disc)

Box 237
Folder 1
Data Analysis by Students,
1950

Box 217
Folder 6
Interviews and Field Observations
Sections 1, 2, and 4, 1949-1950 (3 Bound Volumes)

Box 218
Section 3, 1949-1950 (Bound Volume)

Box 219
Participant Observation,
1950
(2 Folders)

Box 217
Folder 7-8
National Opinion Research Center--Correspondence and Agreements, 1948-1952

Box 220
Folder 1
New Orleans Elite--Preliminary Data,
1940
Box 220
Folder 2
New York Television Study, 1952-1956
(2 Folders)
Box 220
Folder 3-4
New York Time Budget Study, 1945-1946
(2 Folders)
Box 220
Folder 5-6
New York Time Budget Study,
1944

Box 148
Folder 1
Office of Radio Research--Time Magazine Readership and the Influence Structure of Dover New Jersey
Notes, Drafts and Correspondence, 1943-1956
(2 Folders)

Box 220
Folder 7-8
Reports,
1943
(2 Folders)
Box 220
Folder 9-10
Proposed
Comparative Study of Social Mobility, Its Causes and Consequences,
1954
Box 220
Folder 11
Judicial Personnel,
1947

Box 221
Folder 1
Negro Medical Students,
1969
Box 221
Folder 2
Public Reaction to Sonic Booms--Air Force Office of Scientific Research,
1965
Box 221
Folder 3
Sociology of Complex Organizations,
1958
Box 221
Folder 4
Radio Program Content Analysis,
1943
Box 221
Folder 5
Sociological Study of Medical Education
General, 1951-1961
(4 Folders)
Box 221
Folder 6-9
Analysis of Material for Concept Formation, 1951-1957
(2 Folders)
Box 221
Folder 10-11
Association of American Medical Colleges Conference, 1957-1958

Box 222
Folder 1
Background Material on Schools, 1952-1959
Box 222
Folder 2
Code Books
General, undated, 1956-1961
(5 Folders)
Box 222
Folder 3-7
Cornell University Medical College, 1952-1956,
undated
(4 Folders)
Box 222
Folder 8-11
Cornell University Medical College, 1952-1956,
undated
(10 Folders

Box 223
Folder 1-10
Corrections, 1952-1957

Box 224
Folder 1
Inventory, 1954-1955
Box 224
Folder 2
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1953-1955
(8 Folders)
Box 224
Folder 3-10
Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 1953-1954
(6 Folders)

Box 225
Folder 1-6
Committee on Medical Sociology,
1955
Box 225
Folder 7
Comparative Study of the Internship and Residency
Budget and Finance, 1952-1961
Box 225
Folder 9
Correspondence, 1959-1962
Box 225
Folder 10
"The Internship: An Exploratory Analysis by Theresa Falaguerra,"
1957
Box 225
Folder 11
Proposal,
1958
(3 Folders)

Box 226
Folder 1-3
Seminar Notes, 1957-1958
Box 226
Folder 4
Concept of Socialization,
undated

Box 225
Folder 8
Correspondence
General,
1955

Box 226
Folder 5
American Medical Association,
1958
Box 226
Folder 6
Association of American Medical Colleges, 1961-1963
Box 226
Folder 7
Boek, Walter,
1958
Box 226
Folder 8
Christie, Richard, 1956-1960
Box 226
Folder 9
The Commonwealth Fund, 1950-1959
(2 Folders)
Box 226
Folder 10-11
Cornell University, 1952-1960
Box 226
Folder 12
Fellowships, 1956-1957
Box 226
Folder 13
Inquiries, 1952-1955
Box 226
Folder 14
Nasatir, David, 1954-1960
(2 Folders)

Box 227
Folder 1-2
University of Pennsylvania
General, 1953-1958
Box 227
Folder 3
Mitchell, John McK. (Dean), 1953-1956
Box 227
Folder 4
Western Reserve University, 1952-1958
Box 227
Folder 5
Deferred Gratification,
undated
Box 227
Folder 6
Evaluation of the Comprehensive Care and Teaching Program (CCTP) at Cornell University, 1952-1959
(2 Folders)
Box 227
Folder 7-8
Evaluation Meeting,
1954
Box 227
Folder 9
Interim Reports--Western Reserve University,
1956
Box 227
Folder 10
Interviews and Surveys,
1954,
undated
Box 227
Folder 11
Master File,
1954
(2 Folders)

Box 228
Folder 1-2
Memoranda
Coleman, James,
undated
Box 228
Folder 3
The Commonwealth Fund,
1956
Box 228
Folder 4
Cornell University, 1953-1958
Box 228
Folder 5
Early, 1952-1957
Box 228
Folder 6
Monograph
Group Meeting, 1953-1954
Box 228
Folder 7
Kass, Babette,
undated
Box 228
Folder 8
Martin, William,
1956
Box 228
Folder 9
Nicholls, William,
1958
Box 228
Folder 10
Objectives of Medical Education, 1952-1953
Box 228
Folder 11
Planning,
1953
Box 228
Folder 12
Style Guidelines,
undated
Box 228
Folder 13
Notes
and Data, 1952-1955
Box 228
Folder 14
and Drafts--Medical Attitudes and Values,
undated
Box 228
Folder 15
Partial Data Summaries, circa
1958
Box 228
Folder 16
Preliminary Report--Cornell University,
1953
(3 Folders)

Box 229
Folder 1-3
"Professional Education and Training,"
undated
Box 229
Folder 4
Project Inventory--Western Reserve University, 1956-1960
Box 229
Folder 5
Project Planning
General, 1953-1954
Box 229
Folder 6
University of Pennsylvania,
1954
Box 229
Folder 7
Proposals
General, 1952-1957
(4 Folders)
Box 229
Folder 8-11
Comments,
1953

Box 230
Folder 1
Notes and Drafts,
1954
Box 230
Folder 2
Publications
Planning, 1954-1955
Box 230
Folder 3
"Studies in Sociology of Medical Education," 1955-1956
(2 Folders)
Box 230
Folder 4-5
Questionnaires
Cornell University,
1952
(2 Folders)
Box 230
Folder 6-7
National Opinion Research Center, 1947-1948
Box 230
Folder 8
University of Pennsylvania, 1953-1954
Box 230
Folder 9
Western Reserve University,
undated
Box 230
Folder 10
Reports
Drafts--Goss, Mary, 1952-1953
Box 230
Folder 11
Progress,
1956
Box 230
Folder 12
Western Reserve University,
1954
Box 230
Folder 13
Requests
Future Monographs, 1957-1958

Box 231
Folder 1
Lectures and Papers, 1955-1961
Box 231
Folder 2
Research Positions, 1953-1956
Box 231
Folder 3
Use of Data, 1952-1960
Box 231
Folder 4
Research Clippings, 1952-1956
Box 231
Folder 5
Sample of Findings,
1955
(2 Folders)
Box 231
Folder 6-7
Scheduled Free Time, 1955-1957
Box 231
Folder 8
Seminar (Soc #319/320)
General, 1951-1958
(2 Folders)
Box 231
Folder 9-10
General, 1951-1958
(5 Folders)

Box 232
Folder 1-5
Minutes, 1954-1955
Box 232
Folder 6
Student Projects,
1953
Box 232
Folder 7
Sociological Calendar of the First Year of Medical School, 1956-1958
(2 Folders)
Box 232
Folder 8-9
Student Journals and Interviews
General, 1952-1955
(4 Folders)

Box 233
Folder 1-4
Balsam, Alan,
1955
Box 233
Folder 5
Bloom, Samuel, 1954-1955
(2 Folders)
Box 233
Folder 6-7
Brooks, Dana, 1953-1954
Box 233
Folder 8
Brooks, Dana, 1953-1954
(3 Folders)

Box 234
Folder 1-3
Burns, Donald, 1953-1954
Box 234
Folder 4
McLellan, Lowell, 1953-1954
(2 Folders)
Box 234
Folder 5-6
Menninger, Walter, 1953-1957
Box 234
Folder 7
Menninger, Walter, 1953-1957
(6 Folders)

Box 235
Folder 1-6
Menninger, Walter, 1953-1957

Box 236
Folder 1
Rosenbach, Ronald, 1953-1954
Box 236
Folder 2
Weinberg, Saul,
1955
Box 236
Folder 3
Theoretical Ideas, 1952-1957
Box 236
Folder 4
Working Papers
General, 1956-1957
Box 236
Folder 5
Bloom, Samuel,
1955
Box 236
Folder 6
Glaser, William,
1958
Box 236
Folder 7
Glaser, William, and Emery, Jane,
1958
Box 236
Folder 8
Kendall, Patricia L.,
undated
Box 236
Folder 9
Levine, Gene,
1957
(2 Folders)
Box 236
Folder 10-11
Edward Condon Study--"Trial by Newspaper,"
1949,
1981-1988

Box 409
Folder 9
Eisenhower Mail Study-- Revival of Study, 1985-1992
Box 409
Folder 10
Hastings-on-Hudson Community Affairs--Pinecrest Drive: An Interracial Stable Neighborhood, 1952-1955,
1985
Box 409
Folder 11
Analysis for FBI Unabom Task Force,
1995

Box 495
Folder 1
Housing Study--Craftown Follow Up Study,
1977
Box 495
Folder 2

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