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   William S. Moore Photograph Collection, 1922-1924.

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William S. Moore Photograph Collection; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).
picture

Summary Information

Abstract

This small collection contains photographs taken by William Scoville Moore, during a trip to Greece on which he accompanied then U.S. Ambassador, Henry Morgenthau Sr. The subjects of the photographs are primarily refugees and the camps they had constructed. There are also a few documents including newspaper clippings and an award given to Moore by the Greek Cabinet.

At a Glance

Call No.:HR#0007
Bib ID:6984852 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Moore, William S.
Title:William S. Moore Photograph Collection, 1922-1924.
Physical description:0.42 linear ft. (1 flat box)
Language(s):In English.
Access: This collection is located on-site. This collection has no restrictions.  More information »

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection is arranged in two series.

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Description

Scope and Content

This small collection consists primarily of photographs taken by Moore dating around 1922-1923. While the majority of the photographs are of the refugees, there are some of the visiting personages. A small amount of documents are held in the collection as well.

Series I: Documents, 1923-1924

Series I holds several documents concerning William S. Moore's time in Greece. There are a couple of newspaper clippings covering his work in the region. The Order of the Savior is also in this series.

Series II: Photographs, 1922-1923

The photographs are primarily of refugee families and their camps. There are also photographs of dignitaries, most notably Henry Morgenthau Sr. and the political leader of Greece, Elefthérios Venizélos. Also included are photographs of the landscape and purchased postcards portraying events that had occurred during the exodus. This series has been arranged alphabetically by topic.

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Using the Collection

RBML

Access Restrictions

This collection is located on-site.

This collection has no restrictions.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Curator of Manuscripts/University Archivist, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (RBML). The RBML approves permission to publish that which it physically owns; the responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William S. Moore Photograph Collection; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

Related Material

The Program in Hellenic Studies at Columbia University has an online essay with scans of some of the Photographs.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Papers processed in January 2009 by Lea Osborne.

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion March 25, 2009 Finding aid written in English.
    2009-03-25 File created.
    2009-05-01 xml document instance created by Lea Osborne.

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Photographic postcards.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Photographs.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
Greco-Turkish War, 1921-1922.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Greece--Emigration and immigration.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Greece--History--1917-1944.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Moore, William Scoville.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Morgenthau, Henry, 1856-1946.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Population transfers--Greeks--History--20th century.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Population transfers--Turks--History--20th century.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Refugees--Greece.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Turkey--Emigration and immigration.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Turkey--History--1918-1960.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Venizelos, Eleutherios, 1864-1936.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Historical Note

In 1923, William Scoville Moore accompanied U.S. Ambassador Henry Morgenthau Sr. on a trip to Greece. The United Nations had recently loaned the country money in order to help resettle the many immigrants pouring in from various areas within the country. Once there, Moore and Englishman named Colonel Owen were responsible for overseeing the use and disbursement of the loan. Moore and Owen traveled extensively throughout the country in order to fully understand the depth of the situation. According to news sources, Moore was documenting the trip visually as well as taking notes as a means of drawing attention to the catastrophe.

Moore's photographs offer insight into the humanitarian crisis that was developing in the region; however, they document not just the suffering of the refugees, but the efforts of the displaced peoples to maintain dignity in the face of aversion. For his work, administered through the Morgenthau Settlement Commission and the American Near East Relief, Moore was awarded the Order of the Savior by decree of the Greek Cabinet. This award was the first granted by the new Republican Government of Greece.

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