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   University Protest and Activism Collection, 1958-1999 [Bulk Dates: 1968-1972].

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Identification of specific item; Date (if known); University Protest and Activism Collection, Box and Folder; University Archives, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

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Series XIV: Photographs and Negatives

This series consists of approximately 7,100 photographic negatives almost entirely in 35 mm black and white format, 41 color transparency slides, five reels of 16 mm black and white film, and approximately 300 8 x 10 inch black and white glossy prints with eleven related contact sheets and two folders of administrative documents and clippings belonging to John C. Gardner, Columbia University’s Director of Buildings and Grounds.

The images depict protest, activism and campus life, and off campus protests, between the fall of 1967 and 1973, primarily from the perspective of student and university photographers, with a particular focus on the 1968 student strike, or Columbia Crisis. The John C. Gardner Files subseries contains photographs used to identify participants and leaders in the immediate aftermath of the April 23-May 1 campus occupation in 1968, as well as to document and assess damage to buildings and grounds.

The negatives and slides in this series were made by Columbia students primarily for university publications including the Columbia Daily Spectator, Columbia College Today, and the Columbian yearbook, while some appear to have been made recreationally. Some of the photographs were published and disseminated widely around the time of the 1968 student strike, including in Life magazine and internationally, entering into the iconography and public visual discourse of the event and era. Some images have also been republished in subsequent histories of the crisis.

The negatives were collected by documentary filmmaker Paul Cronin for use in his film, A Time to Stir, and deposited at the Rare Books and Manuscripts Library between 2008 and 2009.

Subseries XIV.1: David Bogorad Negatives, 1967-1968

This subseries contains approximately 3,500 black and white 35 mm negatives made by David Bogorad (CC 1970) over the course of 1968 for the Columbian yearbook, including photographs of student groups, academics and athletic events interspersed with images from the campus occupation and crisis of April and May 1968.

Columbian Negatives (1-20), Circa
1967
Fall –
1968
Spring

Box 70
Folder 1
Columbian Negatives (21-40), Circa
1967
Fall –
1968
Spring
Box 70
Folder 2
Columbian Negatives (41-60), Circa
1967
Fall –
1968
Spring
Box 70
Folder 3
Columbian Negatives (61-80), Circa
1967
Fall –
1968
Spring
Box 70
Folder 4
Columbian Negatives (81-94), Circa
1967
Fall –
1968
Spring
Box 70
Folder 5

Subseries XIV.2: Steve Ditlea Color Slides, 1968-1973

Forty-one color transparency slides made between 1968 and 1973 by Steve Ditlea (CC 1969) document the May 1968 Columbia Counter-commencement, as well as apparent off-campus and on-campus anti-war protests between 1969 and 1973. A sequence of ten slides from June 4, 1969, depict students in their graduation gowns leaving the Cathedral of St. John the Divine for a Counter-commencement on the steps of Low Library. The slides have been arranged in chronological order.

Protest and Activism, 1968-1973,
undated
Box 70
Folder 6

(Including Columbia Counter-commencement)

Subseries XIV.3: Alan Epstein Negatives, 1968

This subseries contains approximately 300 black and white 35 mm, and 40 medium format, negatives made by Columbia student Alan Epstein of protests on and off campus, and of the student strike and building occupations around April and May 1968. Alan Epstein’s photographs from the crisis appeared in Spring 1968 in Columbia College Today.

Columbia
1968,
1968
Spring
Box 70
Folder 7

Subseries XIV.4: David Finck Negatives, 1968

This series is comprised of approximately 1900 black and white 35 mm negatives, and accompanying log sheets, compiled in a binder and used by the staff of the Columbia Daily Spectator, and its photography editor, David Finck (CC 1969), in the Spring of 1968 to organize and keep track of the newspaper’s photographic coverage of the student strike.

The binder is divided into two volumes. Volume One begins on April 23, the first day of the strike, and covers the period of the occupation of five campus buildings, including images from inside them, ending with the police intervention and arrests on April 30 and May 1. Volume Two covers the period from May 2 to May 19, including the police intervention and subsequent campus protests, as well as visits to campus by figures in politics and counterculture. Log sheets at the beginning of each folder provide a guide to the negatives, however not all of the original images remain.

Includes the work of Spectator photographers David Clapp (CC 1971), Craig Ellenbogen (CC 1971), David Finck, Richard Howard (CC 1969) and Allen Wasserman (CC 1971).

Negatives in the David Finck subseries have been transferred to archival negative sleeves, preserving the original order of the negative rows, and placed in folders with their original log sheets and dividers. Folders correspond primarily to single days of the crisis.

Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, First Day (Tuesday),
1968 April 23
Box 70
Folder 8
Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Second Day (Wednesday),
1968 April 24
Box 70
Folder 9
Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Third Day (Thursday),
1968 April 25
Box 70
Folder 10
Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Fourth Day (Friday),
1968 April 26
Box 70
Folder 11
Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Fifth Day (Saturday),
1968 April 27
Box 70
Folder 12
Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Sixth Day (Sunday),
1968 April 28
Box 70
Folder 13
Volume 1--Columbia Crisis, Seventh Day (Monday),
1968 April 29
Box 70
Folder 14
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Bust,
1968 April 30
Box 70
Folder 15
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Ninth Day,
1968 May 1
Box 70
Folder 16
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Tenth Day,
1968 May 2
Box 70
Folder 17
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Weekend,
1968 May
3-May 5
Box 70
Folder 18
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, First Day of Strike,
1968 May 6
Box 70
Folder 19
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Tuesday,
1968 May 7
Box 70
Folder 20
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Wednesday,
1968 May 8
Box 70
Folder 21
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Thursday,
1968 May 9
Box 70
Folder 22
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Friday-Saturday,
1968 May
10-May 11
Box 70
Folder 23
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Monday-Wednesday,
1968 May
13-May 15
Box 70
Folder 24
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Mini Bust,
1968 May 17
Box 70
Folder 25
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, The Third Bust (Reoccupation of Hamilton), 1968 May 21-22
Box 70
Folder 26
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Post Bust,
1968 May 22
Box 70
Folder 27
Volume 2--Columbia Crisis, Life Photos and Others, 1968 April-May
Box 70
Folder 28

Subseries XIV.5: Richard Howard Negatives, 1968

This subseries contains approximately 1100 black and white 35 mm negatives made by photographer Richard Howard (CC 1969) in Spring 1968 that document protest and activism on and off the Columbia campus, and primarily the student strike from late-April to early-May. Several of these photographs were published in the Spectator during the crisis, and subsequently republished. Four negatives depict members of the Grateful Dead playing a concert outside of Ferris Booth Hall on May 3, 1968. The negatives found in Box 73 are part of accession 2012.2013.M111

Student Protests, 1968 April 23-May 1
Box 70
Folder 29
Student Protests,
1968
Spring
Box 70
Folder 30
Student Protests,
1968
Spring
Box 70
Folder 31
Negatives of photographs by Richard Howard,
1967

Box 73
Folder 32

Subseries XIV.6: Lee Pearcy Negatives, 1967-1970

This subseries contains approximately 300 black and white 35 mm negatives made by Columbia student Lee Pearcy in Spring 1968, primarily of the crisis and building occupations, as well as related off-campus student and community protests. A large number of the images contain signs, graffiti and other visual symbols of the events. One of the photographs in this series was used for the cover of the 2009 book, Harlem vs. Columbia University: Black Student Power in the Late 1960s by Stefan M. Bradley. There are also two folders of collected periodicals and ephemera related to the student protests and activism of the time.

Student Protests,
1968
Spring

Box 71
Folder 1
Newspapers and Ephemera, 1967-1970
Box 71
Folder 2
Newspapers and Ephemera, 1967-1970
Box 71
Folder 3

Subseries XIV.7: Unidentified Photographers, 1967-1970

Unknown Photographers, 1967-1970
Box 71
Folder 4

Subseries XIV.8: John C. Gardner Files, 1967-1970

This subseries includes approximately 300 mostly high quality and visually compelling 8 x 10 inch glossy black and white prints, and eleven related contact sheets, of campus protest and activism between 1967 and 1970, many of which appear to have been made by Columbia University photographer Manny Warman. About half of the prints are of events on campus during the student strike in April and May of 1968, including daytime images of students standing on the ledges of Low Library, and of the occupation of the Mathematics building. A significant number of photographs document damage to buildings and evidence of their occupation by students. The subseries also contains photographs of campus protest and activism following the Spring 1968 strike, including SDS-led strikes and building occupations between March and May of 1969.

There are also two folders of administrative documents and clippings, including arrest reports, collected ephemera, memoranda and correspondence belonging to John C. Gardner, Columbia University’s Director of Buildings and Grounds. Many of the prints contain notations used to identify students for disciplinary action. A small number of the prints, and some images in the clippings, contain small white stickers identifying students by name and class year.

Many of the prints in the John C. Gardner Files subseries contain markings and notations used to reestablish the sequences and original order of the photographs, and to help identify time, place and significant individuals. A small number of the prints, and some of the images in newspaper articles in a related folder of clippings, contain white stickers identifying students by name and class year.

Views of Morningside Park: Exhibit 1 and 2,
Undated

Box 72
Folder 1
Site of Ornamental Gate Installation, 116th Broadway,
1967 August 9
Box 72
Folder 2
Prints Used to Identify Participants and Leaders of Strike, Circa 1968 April-May
Box 72
Folder 3
Prints Used to Identify Participants and Leaders of Strike for Exhibit, 1968 April-May
Box 72
Folder 4

(in plastic sleeves)

Clippings, Including Some Annotations, and Memos Used by Administration to Identify Students, 1968 April-June
Box 72
Folder 5
Documents Relating to the Columbia Crisis Collected by James Gardner, Director of Buildings and Grounds, Including Arrest Reports, Circa
1968 June
Box 72
Folder 6
Student Strike (General), Circa
1968 April
23-May
Box 72
Folder 7

(Includes Dean Henry Coleman Speaking With Students and Press Outside, Anti-SDS Demonstrations, Rally to Support Liberated Classes, Crowds Outside Hamilton, Fayerweather and Mathematics, Agit-Prop Theater, Faculty on Low Steps, Strike Signage, Press Conference with Alan Westin, H. Rap Brown, Lionel Trilling [?], WKCR Announcer, Grayson Kirk and David Truman Walking on Campus)

Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings, Circa
1968 April
23-May 1
Box 72
Folder 8

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)

Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings,
1968 April 28
Box 72
Folder 9

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)

Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings,
1968 April 29
Box 72
Folder 10

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)

Students Occupying Low and Mathematics Buildings,
1968 April 30
Box 72
Folder 11

(Includes Images of Students Standing at Ledges of Windows)

Damage to Insides of Buildings, Circa 1968 April-May
Box 72
Folder 12
Contact Sheets, Circa
1968
Spring
Box 72
Folder 13
Students Leaving Fayerweather Hall, Photograph by Professor L. Cohen,
1968 May 1
Box 72
Folder 14
Students Leaving Buildings, Police Taking Down Signs, Circa
1968 May
Box 72
Folder 15
Rally on Low Steps, Circa 1968 April-May
Box 72
Folder 16

(Includes Gus Reichbach and Florence Kennedy)

Press Conference on Low Steps, Circa 1968 April-May
Box 72
Folder 17
Speakers in Front of Low, 1:15 pm-2 pm,
1968 May 8
Box 72
Folder 18

(Includes Mark Rudd)

Student Band, Dada, Plays in Front of Ferris Booth Hall, 2 pm,
1968 May 8
Box 72
Folder 19
Speakers on College Walk, 6 pm,
1968 May 8
Box 72
Folder 20
Students Standing on Ledge of Journalism School, 7:30 pm,
1968 May 8
Box 72
Folder 21
Rally on Low Steps,
1968 May 9
Box 72
Folder 22
Demonstration and Speeches at Sundial with Press, 4:15 pm-4:45 pm,
1968 May 22
Box 72
Folder 23

(Includes Ron Carver, Mark Rudd, William Sales, and possibly Erich Fromm)

Student Rally, Hamilton Hall, 5:30 pm,
1968 May 22
Box 72
Folder 24
Graduate Faculties Student Lounge, Philosophy Hall, 9:30 pm,
1968 May 22
Box 72
Folder 25
Damage to Buildings and Grounds,
1968 May 22
Box 72
Folder 26

(Includes Abram Plaza, Avery, Earl Hall Fence, Engineering Terrace, Fayerweather, Kent, Hamilton, Havemeyer, Exterior of President's Office, Low Library, Schermerhorn, Uris)

Prints of Campus Demonstrations and Takeover of Schermerhorn Hall, Dated
September 18, 1968
Circa
1968
Spring-Fall
Box 72
Folder 27

(Includes Peter Clapp, Henry Gehman, Michael Klare, Greg Knox, Dino Pavan)

Student Strike at NYU Over the Dismissal of John Hatchett, Director of King Center,
1968 October
11-October 17
Box 72
Folder 28
Gus Reichbach Trial,
1968
Nov 19
Box 72
Folder 29
Students Walking by Columbia Gates, 116th Street and Broadway, Circa
1968
Spring
Box 72
Folder 30
Student Registration, Low Library Rotunda, Circa
1969 January 31
Box 72
Folder 31
Student Registration, Low Library Rotunda, Circa
1969 January 31
Box 72
Folder 32
Student Strike, Columbia Campus,
1969 March 25
Box 72
Folder 33

(Includes Student Homophile League)

Occupation of Mathematics Building,
1969 April 30
Box 72
Folder 34

(Outside of Math Library and Class Leaving Through Windows)

Occupation of Mathematics Building,
1969 April 30
Box 72
Folder 35

(Includes Rally and Strike Leaders Talking to Press)

Occupation of Fayerweather and Mathematics Buildings,
1969 April 30
Box 72
Folder 36

(Includes Reading of Injunction During Evening, Student Activity Outside North Side Chapel)

Occupation of Fayerweather and Mathematics Buildings, Circa
1969 April
30-May 1
Box 72
Folder 37
Occupation of Fayerweather and Mathematics Buildings, Circa
1969 May 1
Box 72
Folder 38

(Includes Damage to Interiors and Evidence of Occupation, and Weapons Made by Students)

Columbia Commencement with Student Protests,
1969 June 3
Box 72
Folder 39
Group Shots of Columbia Staff At Event, Circa 1968-1969
Box 72
Folder 40
Fire Damage to Bulletin Board, Music Department, Dodge Hall,
1970 October 12
Box 72
Folder 41
Views of Tops of Campus Buildings, 4 x 6 color prints,
undated
Box 72
Folder 42
Student Strike, Miscellaneous, Circa 1968-1969
Box 72
Folder 43
Five Rolls of 16 mm Black and White Film, Including Some Footage of Campus Protests, Circa
1969
Box 72
Folder 44

Subseries XIV.6: Pieter Boikent Photographs, 1908

This subseries consists of (25) 3.5" x 5" black and white photographs and the original negatives taken by Pieter Bokent who was a student on campus in 1968. The photographs depict students, faculty and police on campus during the 1968 crisis. This set of photos is notable for including many images of black students on campus and black neighbors protesting just outside the campus gates.

Pieter Boikent Photographs and Negatives,
1968

Box 71
Folder 4

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