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   University Protest and Activism Collection, 1958-1999 [Bulk Dates: 1968-1972].

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Identification of specific item; Date (if known); University Protest and Activism Collection, Box and Folder; University Archives, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

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Series VIII: Students: Groups, 1966-1975

The student strikes that occurred at Columbia between 1968 and 1972 figure prominently in the material found in this series. This series contains extensive holdings on three campus organizations in particular; the Strike Coordinating/Steering Committee (SCC), the Columbia chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), and Students for a Restructured University (SRU). The SCC, formed by the Columbia chapter of SDS, was composed of representatives from the various units of the University and from other student organizations and quickly assumed the mantle of strike leadership from the Columbia University Student Council (CUSC) and the Coalition of Student Leaders (CSC), whose early activities are also recorded here. The Columbia chapter of SDS had taken an early activist lead on a cluster of issues that prompted student unrest and ultimately the strike. Among them were the proposed gymnasium and other instances of campus expansion, the University’s relationship with the Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA) and the School of International Affairs, ROTC and military research recruiting, and conditions for campus workers. SRU sponsored numerous strike activities and these materials reveal their role in the administration’s efforts to address student concerns about the governing structure of Columbia, including the group’s co-sponsorship of hearings on University restructuring.

Numerous other student organizations active during the 1968 strike are represented in this series, including the Students’ Afro-American Society and the groups of students who occupied campus buildings, known as "communes." Beyond formal organizations, students acting independently or in informal associations are represented by items in the files titled "Students – Unaffiliated," which contain open letters, petitions, and other public statements, as well as accounts of strike events. While the bulk of the material relating to the 1968 strike in this series was produced by pro-strike organizations, the voices of strike opponents are also evident. The Majority Coalition, Students for Columbia University, Students for a Free Campus, and the Committee for the Defense of Property Rights criticized the actions of the SCC, SDS, SRU, and other leading student groups. These strike opponents urged students to avoid strike demonstrations and to attend regularly scheduled classes.

A smaller amount of material exists for the student strikes of 1969, 1970, 1971, and 1972. Renewed demonstrations and strike activity in 1969 were prompted by continuing student concern with Columbia’s role as a landlord in the neighboring community, as well as the presence of ROTC, military recruiters, and military researchers on campus. Demands for the development of a black studies curriculum also played a contributing role.

Numerous student organizations at Columbia in the late 1960s and early 1970s precipitated disruptions that addressed other campus issues. Columbia’s control of real estate in the Morningside Heights neighborhood and its relationship to the local community were taken up by, among others, the Community Action Committee, the Columbia-Barnard Citizenship Council and its Morningside Housing Committee. The literature produced by these groups, such as the Citizenship Council’s detailed report entitled Columbia and the Community: Past Policy and New Directions, provided analyses of the campus expansion issue. This and a cluster of topics featured in the strikes prompted activist efforts for a slate of student groups: military and war research recruiting on campus, Columbia’s defense and intelligence contacts through the IDA and the School of International Affairs, conditions for campus workers, the role of students in the governance of the University.

International affairs, particularly U.S. foreign relations, were of great interest to student groups at Columbia. The ubiquitous issue, of course, was the American military presence in Southeast Asia. Opposition to the Vietnam War was expressed, in some form, by nearly every student organization represented in this series. It was a major part of the program of SDS and other groups that addressed multiple issues, often in the context of protest against American "imperialism." Numerous campus organizations emerged from the mid 1960s though mid 1970s for the primary purpose of expressing opposition to the war and the draft, among them Action for Peace, the Moratorium Coalition, the Resistance at Columbia, and the Student Mobilization Committee to End the War. Their voluminous literature is contained in this series; as is material issued by unidentified student groups.

Organization Descriptions and Membership Lists,
1968

Box 9
Folder 40
Student Strike Literature,
1968
Box 9
Folder 41
Action Committee to Crush Columbia Racism, circa
1970
Box 9
Folder 42
Action for Peace,
1970
Box 9
Folder 43
Ad Hoc Committee for an Open Student Meeting,
1968
Box 9
Folder 44
Ad Hoc Committee of Staff and Students,
1968
Box 9
Folder 45
Ad Hoc Committee Against the Anti-Ballistic Missile, 1969-1970
Box 9
Folder 46
Ad Hoc Committee to End the War in Vietnam,
1968
Box 9
Folder 47
American Liberation League,
1966
Box 9
Folder 48
Anti-Vietnam War Events Literature, 1967-1973
Box 9
Folder 49
Anti-War Corporation Coalition,
1972
Box 9
Folder 50
Arts Festival for the Benefit of Political Prisoners,
1970
Box 9
Folder 51
Asian-American Political Alliance, 1970-1972
Box 9
Folder 52
Asian-Americans,
1971
Box 9
Folder 53
Citizens Concerned About the Draft,
Undated
Box 9
Folder 54
City College Committee,
1968
Box 9
Folder 55
The Collective Fist: Newspaper of the Columbia Strike,
1968
Box 9
Folder 56
Solkoff, Joel Correspondence, Memoir, and Student Strike Literature,
1968-1972, 1999

Box 10
Folder 1
Columbia Anti Imperialist Movement, 1971-1973
Box 10
Folder 2
Columbia and Barnard Citizenship Council and Community Service Council, 1966-1971
Box 10
Folder 3
Morningside Housing Committee, 1968-1969
Box 10
Folder 4
Columbia Christian Fellowship,
1968
Box 10
Folder 5
Columbia Committee for Harrisburg Defendants,
1971
Box 10
Folder 6
Columbia Committee to Keep Biafra Alive,
1968
Box 10
Folder 7
Columbia’s Committee to Counter-Act Repression,
1971
Box 10
Folder 8
Columbia Coordinating Committee,
1970
Box 10
Folder 9
Columbia Draft Collective,
1971
Box 10
Folder 10
The Columbia Free Press,
1970
Box 10
Folder 11
Columbia Labor Committee, 1970-1972
Box 10
Folder 12
Columbia Seniors Against the War,
1971
Box 10
Folder 13
Columbia Student Movement, American Student Movement, 1970-1971
Box 10
Folder 14
Committee for the Defense of Property Rights,
1968
Box 10
Folder 15
Committee for Free Inquiry-- Feedback: A Journal of Social Commentary, with articles by Serge Lang,
1967
Box 10
Folder 16
Committee for Peace Politics,
1967
Box 10
Folder 17
Committee for a Radical History,
1972
Box 10
Folder 18
Committee of Columbia University African Students,
1968
Box 10
Folder 19
Committee of Concerned Asian Scholars, 1970-1972
Box 10
Folder 20
Committee on the Environmental Teach-In,
1970
Box 10
Folder 21
Committee to Aid Anti-War Government Issues, 1968-1970
Box 10
Folder 22
Community Action Committee,
1968
Box 10
Folder 23
Conferences, Programs, Teach-Ins and Performances--Unsponsored, 1968-1972,
Undated
Box 10
Folder 24
Conservative Union,
1968
Box 10
Folder 25
Counter-Commencement,
1970
Box 10
Folder 26
December Fourth Movement,
1970
Box 10
Folder 27
Dienbienphu Family,
1971
Box 10
Folder 28
Ferris Booth Hall Board of Managers,
1968
Box 10
Folder 29
The Forum--Excerpts from Address Given by Howard Zinn to Students and University in Our Age of Social Action,
1968
Box 10
Folder 30
Free University,
1968
Box 10
Folder 31
Gadfly--Sponsored by the Protestant Office,
1968
Box 10
Folder 32
Grad Students to End the War,
1967
Box 10
Folder 33
Graduate Student Union, 1968-1970
Box 10
Folder 34
Green Armbands,
1968
Box 10
Folder 35
Hartley Hall Committee, 1970-1971
Box 10
Folder 36
Housing: Program to Activate Community Talent,
1968
Box 10
Folder 37
Humor and Satire Groups Publications
Columbia 69 Society

Box 11
Folder 1
Columbia Italian Americans
Box 11
Folder 1
Columbia Unreconstructed Restructurers
Box 11
Folder 1
Sham-Rock Association
Box 11
Folder 1
Silas Q. Jester
Box 11
Folder 1
Sons of Gael
Box 11
Folder 1
Students Demanding Sex, 1968-1969
Box 11
Folder 1
Independent Committee for Understanding the Strike-Letter to Parents,
1968
Box 11
Folder 2
Independent Committee of Students and Faculty,
1968
Box 11
Folder 3
Independent Committee on Vietnam, 1966-1972
Box 11
Folder 4
Independent Radicals Association,
1968
Box 11
Folder 5
International Socialists, 1969-1972
Box 11
Folder 6
International Students, 1968-1972
Box 11
Folder 7
Isaiah 2-4 Committee,
1972
Box 11
Folder 8
Janet Benderman Weekly Review, 1969-1970
Box 11
Folder 9
Laos Emergency Committee,
1970
Box 11
Folder 10
Latin American Student Organization, 1970-1975
Box 11
Folder 11
Liberation Study Group,
1968
Box 11
Folder 12
Majority Coalition, 1968-1972
Box 11
Folder 13
Mao Tse Tung Thought Group,
1972
Box 11
Folder 14
McIntosh Anti War Activities Center,
1972
Box 11
Folder 15
Moratorium Coalition
October 15 Coalition
Box 11
Folder 16
Vietnam Moratorium Committee, 1968-1969
Box 11
Folder 16
New American Tea Party,
1971
Box 11
Folder 17
New Leftist Forum,
1968
Box 11
Folder 18
New University Conference, 1969-1971
Box 11
Folder 19
New York Regional Coalition of Students and Faculty,
1969
Box 11
Folder 20
Occupiers of Buildings--Student Statements and Correspondence, Group Positions,
1968,
1972
(2 Folders)
Box 11
Folder 21 to 22
Off-Campus Action Network,
1970
Box 11
Folder 23
Pacifist Anarchist Bisexual Psychedelic Conspiracy, 1968-1969
Box 11
Folder 24
Peace and Freedom Party,
1968
Box 11
Folder 25
People’s Peace Treaty Conference,
1971
Box 11
Folder 26
President’s Advisory Committee on Student Life--Student Representatives,
1968
Box 11
Folder 27
Progressive Labor Party, 1968-1972
Box 11
Folder 28
Radical Caucus,
1970
Box 11
Folder 29
Radical Jewish Union,
1970
Box 11
Folder 30
The Resistance at Columbia, 1967-1969
Box 11
Folder 31
Revolutionary Marxist Caucus,
1971
Box 11
Folder 32
Revolutionary Student Brigade, Poison Ivy, 1974-1975
Box 11
Folder 33
Seize the Time,
1970
Box 11
Folder 34
Service Societies--A Referendum,
1968
Box 11
Folder 35
Socialism Study Group Project,
1971
Box 11
Folder 36
Spartacus Youth League, 1967-1971
Box 11
Folder 37
Special Committee of the Board of Trustees and Temple Committee--Student Representatives,
1968
Box 11
Folder 38
Step Sitters and Sympathizers,
1968
Box 11
Folder 39
Strike! Committee and Coalition of Student Leaders,
1968
Box 11
Folder 40
Strike Coordinating Committee and Strike Steering Committee,
1968
(2 Folders)
Box 11
Folder 41 to 42
Strike Coordinating Committee and Steering Committee, 1968-1970,
Undated
(4 Folders)

Box 12
Folder 1 to 4
Meeting Minutes,
1968
Box 12
Folder 5
Columbia Liberated,
1968
Box 12
Folder 6
The Rational Enquirer,
1968
Box 12
Folder 7
Why We Strike,
1968
Box 12
Folder 8
Reconstruction Committee,
1968
Box 12
Folder 9
The Time: Columbia Strike Bulletin,
1970
Box 12
Folder 10
Strike Central and Strike Office,
1972
Box 12
Folder 11
Strike Education Committee and Liberation School--Includes Liberation Class Schedules and Notices,
1968
(2 Folders)
Box 12
Folder 12 to 13
Strike Journal,
1972
Box 12
Folder 14
Student Council, 1967-1971
Box 12
Folder 15
Student Draft Information Center, Dodge Hall Group, 1967-1969
Box 12
Folder 16
Student Faculty Committee on Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps,
1969
Box 12
Folder 17
Student Guard Organizing Committee,
1969
Box 12
Folder 18
Student Homophile League,
1968

Box 13
Folder 1
Student-Labor Solidarity Committee,
1970
Box 13
Folder 2
Student Mobilization Committee to End the War, 1968-1972
Box 13
Folder 3
Students--Unaffiliated: Accounts, Chronologies and Commentaries--Public Statements, Individual and Joint, 1968-1969
(2 Folders)
Box 13
Folder 4 to 5
Students--Unidentified--Handwritten and Typed Correspondence, 1968-1969
Box 13
Folder 6
Students for Columbia University, 1968-1970
Box 13
Folder 7
Students for a Democratic Society--Miscellaneous Documents, 1967-1972
(4 Folders)
Box 13
Folder 8 to 11
Students for a Democratic Society--Miscellaneous Documents, 1967-1972

Box 14
Folder 1
Publications
The Columbia Statement,
1968
Box 14
Folder 2
The Hard Core, 1968-1969
Box 14
Folder 3
New Left Notes, 1970-1972
Box 14
Folder 4
The Paper Tiger: Journal of Columbia University Students for a Democratic Society, 1967-1968
Box 14
Folder 5
The Junior Paper Tiger: Journal of Columbia University Students for a Democratic Society, 1967-1968
Box 14
Up Against the Wall,
1968
Box 14
Folder 6
Labor Committee (Successor Columbia Labor Committee), 1967-1970
Box 14
Folder 7
Students for a Free Campus, 1968-1969
Box 14
Folder 8
Students for a Restructured University--Includes Restructuring Questionnaire and the Student Voice, 1968-1969
(3 Folders)
Box 14
Folder 9 to 11
Students in East Asian Studies,
1968
Box 14
Folder 12
Students Seeking Responsive Representation,
1968
Box 14
Folder 13
Students Summoned Before the Dean for Disciplinary Action--The Sixty Bad Boys,
1968
Box 14
Folder 14
Student Afro-American Society
Box 14
Folder 15
Third World Coalition, 1970-1972
Box 14
Folder 16
Tomorrow Press: A Newspaper,
1968
Box 14
Folder 17
Transcendental Students,
1970
Box 14
Folder 18
Undergraduate Academic Affairs Committee,
1968
Box 14
Folder 19
University Action Group,
1972
Box 14
Folder 20
University Committee for a Relevant Education,
1968
Box 14
Folder 21
University Senate Elections Committee,
1969
Box 14
Folder 22
Valuable Property Recovery Unit,
1968

Box 15
Folder 1
Veterans and Reservists for Peace,
1970
Box 15
Folder 2
War Against Racism,
1970
Box 15
Folder 3
Work Stoppage Committee, 1970-1972
Box 15
Folder 4
Worker-Student Alliance Caucus,
1969
Box 15
Folder 5
Worker-Student-Community Coalition,
1971
Box 15
Folder 6
Workers League Club of Columbia,
1970
Box 15
Folder 7
Young People’s Socialist League,
1971
Box 15
Folder 8
Young Republicans,
1969
Box 15
Folder 9
Young Socialist Alliance, 1967-1975
Box 15
Folder 10
Youth Against War and Fascism, 1968-1970
Box 15
Folder 11

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