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   Paul Baerwald Papers, 1857-1961 [Bulk: 1907-1950].

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Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Paul Baerwald Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

COinS Metadata available (e.g., for Zotero).

Summary Information

Abstract

This collection documents the life of Paul Baerwald, a banker and philanthropist who served as chairman of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee from 1932-1961. It also includes materials by and about Baerwald's father, Hermann Baerwald, a German educator and historian.

At a Glance

Call No.:MS#0059
Bib ID:4078513 View CLIO record
Creator(s):Baerwald, Paul, 1871-1961.
Title:Paul Baerwald Papers, 1857-1961 [Bulk: 1907-1950].
Physical description:1.5 linear ft (3 document boxes)
Language(s): Material is in English and German.
Access: This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room. This collection has no restrictions.  More information »

Arrangement

Arrangement

This collection has been arranged into two series:

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Description

Scope and Content

This collection documents the work of Paul Baerwald, particularly in his capacity as chairman of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee from 1932 to 1961. Materials include correspondence, photographs, speeches, reports, and clippings.

Series I: General, 1916-1961

This series contains a variety of materials, including biographical information, letters from Baerwald to his children and extended family, business papers, and drafts of speeches given at conferences and meetings.

Series II: Correspondence, 1924-1961

This series holds a small amount of personal and business correspondence, as well as associated reports, articles, and pamphlets. Some files contain letters from prominent individuals such as Albert Einstein, Herbert Lehman, and John D. Rockefeller, while others concern organizations and committees Baerwald worked closely with. Many of the conversations relate to the JDC. There are also several files on the Baerwald School of Social Work, which include photographs taken at the school's original building in France and biographies of some of the first students. The series is arranged alphabetically.

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Using the Collection

Offsite

Access Restrictions

 This collection is located off-site. You will need to request this material at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance to use the collection in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library reading room.

      offsite requestMore information and link to off-site request form

This collection has no restrictions.

Restrictions on Use

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested from the Curator of Manuscripts/University Archivist, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (RBML). The RBML approves permission to publish that which it physically owns; the responsibility to secure copyright permission rests with the patron.

Preferred Citation

Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Paul Baerwald Papers; Box and Folder; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Library.

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About the Finding Aid / Processing Information

Columbia University Libraries. Rare Book and Manuscript Library; machine readable finding aid created by Columbia University Libraries Digital Library Program Division

Processing Information

Correspondence, manuscripts, notes, speeches, reports, clippings, printed material Surveyed 05/--/87 by Julie Miller

Papers processed in 2009 by Elena Locascio, Geneseo College 2012

Finding aid written in September 2009 by Carolyn Smith

Machine readable finding aid generated from MARC-AMC source via XSLT conversion August 28, 2010 Finding aid written in English.
    2010-08-28 xml document instance created by Carolyn Smith

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Subject Headings

The subject headings listed below are found in this collection. Links below allow searches at Columbia University through the Archival Collections Portal and through CLIO, the catalog for Columbia University Libraries, as well as ArchiveGRID, a catalog that allows users to search the holdings of multiple research libraries and archives.

All links open new windows.

Genre/Form

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
PhotographsPortalCLIOArchiveGRID

Subjects

HeadingCUL Archives:
Portal
CUL Collections:
CLIO
Nat'l / Int'l Archives:
ArchiveGRID
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Baerwald, Hermann, 1828-1907.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Baerwald, Paul, 1871-1961.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Bet ha-sefer la-'avodah sotsyalit 'a. sh. Pa'ul BervĖĢald.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Educators--Germany.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Herbert H. Lehman Collections (Columbia University).PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Historians--Germany.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
International relief.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Jews--Charities.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Philanthropin (Frankfurt am Main, Germany).PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Refugees.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID
Social service.PortalCLIOArchiveGRID

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History / Biographical Note

Biographical Note

Paul Baerwald was born in 1871 in Frankfurt, Germany. His father, Hermann Baerwald, was director of the Philanthropin, a Jewish high school in Frankfurt, for 31 years. Baerwald left Germany at nineteen to join the investment firm Speyer & Brothers in London, and in 1895 he was sent to work in New York City. Baerwald became a partner at Lazard Freres in 1907. He met Edith Jacobi in New York, and they were married in 1909. The couple would have four children, Pauline, Jane, Florence, and Herman.

In 1914, Paul Baerwald helped found the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), an international relief organization that provides help to Jews suffering as a result of poverty, persecution, natural disaster, or war. He retired from Lazard Freres in 1930 to devote his full attention to philanthropic work, and would serve with the JDC for 45 years, first as treasurer, and then as chairman in 1932 and honorary chairman from 1945 until his death. In 1949, JDC opened a school in Versailles, France, to train social workers. The school was transferred to Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 1958 and was named the Paul Baerwald School of Social Work in his honor.

In addition to his extensive work with JDC, Baerwald served on President Franklin Roosevelt's Advisory Committee on Political Refugees during World War II. He was a close friend of New York governor and senator Herbert H. Lehman, and they collaborated on JDC projects as well as other public and philanthropic works. Baerwald was also a trustee and founder of the New York Foundation; trustee of the Palestine Economic Corporation; treasurer of the Wollman Foundation; and trustee and treasurer of the Soloman and Better Loeb Convalescent Home.

Paul Baerwald died in New York on July 2, 1961.

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